Horizonte Minerals Plc: Final Results for the Year Ended 31 December 2020
LONDON, April 01, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Horizonte Minerals Plc, (AIM: HZM, TSX: HZM) (‘Horizonte’ or ‘the Company’) the nickel company focused on Brazil, announces its final results for the year ended 31 December 2020. Highlights: Strong cash position of £10.9 million as at 31 December 2020 maintained and supplemented post year end through a £18 million placing in February 2021.Significant progress made on the overall Project Finance package for the development of Araguaia.A syndicate of five international financial institutions mandated for a US$325 million senior debt facility to part fund the development of Araguaia.BNP Paribas, ING Capital LLC, Mizuho Bank, Ltd., Natixis (New York Branch), and Société Générale will act as the Mandated Lead ArrangersNon-binding, conditional term sheet agreed with one major cornerstone equity investor.Value engineering for the Araguaia project completed resulting in a number of improvements to enhance operational performance whilst remaining in line with 2018 Feasibility Study capex and opex values.Appointment of Sepanta Dorri to the Board as Non-Executive Director.Key appointments made across the operational and corporate teams in London and Brazil.Inaugural Sustainability Report published on 17 August 2020. The Company recognises the importance of conveying its efforts and achievements around the areas of environmental stewardship, social responsibility and corporate governance to its various stakeholders as it moves towards construction at Araguaia.The Company has continued to support local communities around its projects through the provision of food parcels and health and hygiene guidance in response to the Covid pandemic. Post Period Events: Successful completion of a £18 million fundraise with predominately new institutions.Appointment of BMO Capital Market Limited as joint broker.Appointment of Michael Drake as Head of Projects.Award of power line licence to cover the full power requirement of the Araguaia project at nameplate capacity. For further information, visit www.horizonteminerals.com or contact: Horizonte Minerals plcJeremy Martin (CEO)Anna Legge (Corporate Communications)email@example.com +44 (0) 203 356 2901 Peel Hunt (NOMAD & Joint Broker)Ross AllisterDavid McKeown+44 (0)20 7418 8900BMO (Joint Broker)Thomas RiderPascal Lussier DuquetteAndrew Cameron+44 (0) 20 7236 1010 About Horizonte Minerals:Horizonte Minerals plc is an AIM and TSX-listed nickel development company focused in Brazil. The Company is developing the Araguaia project, as the next major ferronickel mine in Brazil, and the Vermelho nickel-cobalt project, with the aim of being able to supply nickel and cobalt to the EV battery market. Both projects are 100% owned. CHAIRMAN’S STATEMENTIn a year of unprecedented challenges for us all, I am delighted to report that not only has Horizonte reached significant business and project level milestones but, most importantly, our management team and all our staff have kept safe and well. The health and well-being of our employees and wider team is our number one priority, and as we continue to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic our dedication to providing a safe and productive workplace will remain at the forefront of our decision-making process. The pandemic has completely changed the way in which we work. Some of these changes we will all be keen to see the end of but, others we will take forward, as we have learnt how to work more effectively, more respectfully and more sustainably. Operational milestones Horizonte is on a path to become a significant nickel producer. We are currently in the midst of the transition from being an explorer/developer to becoming a developer/producer. This transition is enabled by securing suitable funding, and this has been our focus for 2020. Araguaia will our first project into production, followed closely by the Vermelho project. The combination of our projects, in conjunction with the looming significant supply deficit in the nickel market, positions Horizonte as a unique opportunity for investors. During the year the senior management team, working closely alongside Endeavour Financial, has made significant progress in advancing the project financing for Araguaia. This financing package comprises multiple components, and these are all progressing simultaneously. The completion of this funding will be transformational for Horizonte, and we look forward to updating the market on our progress later in the year. The Vermelho project continues to progress. Our Social and Environmental team has spent the year collecting relevant data for baseline monitoring in preparation for the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment. This assessment is a key requirement for permitting and the feasibility study. With demand from the EV battery market accelerating exponentially, we will be seeking to expedite development of the project. Growing our team In addition to progressing our projects, it is critical that Horizonte develops as a major business entity. Most importantly this is about securing the best and most appropriate people required for a company with a large, scalable production profile. During the year we have hired 11 of the industry’s top talent in the areas of project development, project operation and capital markets. I was also delighted to welcome Ms. Sepanta Dorri to the Board as a Non-Executive Director. As the Vice President, Corporate Development at Teck Resources, Sepanta brings a wealth of experience and a fresh perspective to our Board. She has already made a meaningful contribution to the implementation of our overall strategic objectives. Sepanta is our first female board member, and her appointment marks an appointment milestone in promoting and facilitating gender diversity throughout all levels of the Company as we work to build a more representative team. We currently have a 41% female workforce. Changing the way we work The COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to work differently, as we adapted to working predominately remotely both from the corporate office in London and the operations in Brazil. During a phase in the Company’s development where all teams need to be in constant contact with multiple stakeholders, this has been a challenge. However, it has been a challenge that we have adapted to and overcome, enabling the Company to continue to reach the milestones necessary to progress. It is testament to the dedication and agility of the entire team that we have been able to report on another successful year in the face of the adverse impacts of the global pandemic. A positive outcome of these changes has been a greater need to focus on well-being. Led by the senior management team, we have implemented further measures to ensure we are protecting and promoting the health, safety and well-being of our workforce. A greater use of technology has also enabled us to come together as a company more effectively. During the year, we hosted multiple all company video conference calls to update each other on each team’s progress and provide a constructive forum for all employees to ask questions and raise concerns. Whilst we have all missed human interaction, 2020 has taught has how to work more flexibly and more effectively. For example, the senior management team has participated in several international investor roadshows without the need to travel to multiple cities around the world. The savings made, both in time and money, are significant compared to what would have been spent attending in person. This is therefore one of the changes we will consider carefully once the pandemic has passed. Supporting our communities In addition to our employees, engagement with our communities has been critical this year. Our social team has worked tirelessly throughout the year to support our local communities in a COVID-safe manner. Advice and guidelines on how to stay safe have constantly changed throughout the year, but Horizonte has been proactive in ensuring our communities received and understood the correct measures in line with the World Health Organisation and the Brazilian Ministry of Health. We have also provided and distributed hundreds of food packages in partnership with the welfare departments of each municipality, to the most vulnerable families in our communities. This work continues into 2021. Horizonte would usually participate in many community engagements and social initiatives throughout the year. Whilst measures required to stop the spread of COVID have significantly limited these activities, the social team has continued to engage with and listen to our local communities, virtually where possible or at a safe physical distance where required. We look forward to returning to our normal level of participation in the community later in 2021. Sustainability reporting In August 2020, we published our maiden standalone sustainability report for activities during the financial year 2019. A report such as this is a huge undertaking, and therefore a rarity from junior pre-production companies. We believe this early commitment to sustainability reporting sets Horizonte apart and clearly demonstrates our pledge to the highest levels of sustainability performance. The report outlines our objectives in the areas of environmental stewardship, social development and corporate governance, as well as highlighting the significant work we have undertaken to date. We are committed to publishing a Sustainability Report alongside our Annual Report on an annual basis. This increased reporting schedule encapsulates our core values of transparency and accountability, sustainability and innovation. The nickel market Sustainability and innovation have been at the top of the political and media agenda for most of 2020, as all countries work to “build back better” after the COVID pandemic. This has pushed nickel into the commodity limelight. Nickel is a key base metal for building more sustainable societies due to its use in stainless steel and new battery technology. The World Bank reported in its “Minerals for Climate Action: The Mineral Intensity for the Clean Energy Transition” whitepaper that the production of metals such as nickel and cobalt could increase by nearly 500% by 2050 to meet the growing demand for clean energy technologies. In September 2020, Tesla CEO Elon Musk confirmed that high nickel-content batteries are the future for low-cost, long-range electric vehicles at Tesla’s Battery Day. The large stainless steel market and the rapidly expanding battery market are predicted to create a large supply deficit in the nickel market by 2040. Horizonte is one of very few nickel stories ready to supply this deficit, and our projects have the ability to supply both the stainless steel and battery markets. Outlook Firstly, I would like to thank Alex Christopher for his many years of service to the Board of Horizonte, and to welcome again Sepanta Dorri and all our other new members to the team in 2020. Secondly, I would like to applaud the hard work, dedication and resilience of all our team members led by our CEO, Jeremy Martin. The COVID-19 pandemic was unfortunately not an isolated event in 2020, it has continued in to 2021 and we will continue to feel its effects well into the medium term. However, with the accelerating rollout of a number of vaccines we are hopeful for a more certain, less interrupted year in 2021. We continue to be grateful for the support of our shareholders, and we are pleased to see increasing interest in the Horizonte story from new investors and strategic partners. Horizonte has reached an exciting phase of its journey, and we believe we are able to offer a unique and compelling investment opportunity. Finally, I would like to thank fellow Board members for their contributions through the year. David Hall31 March 2021 INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT TO THE MEMBERS OF HORIZONTE MINERALS PLC For Canadian filing purposes Opinion We have audited the consolidated financial statements of Horizonte Minerals Plc (the ‘parent company’) and its subsidiaries (the ‘group’) for the years ended 31 December 2020 and 31 December 2019 which comprise the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, the consolidated statement of financial position , the consolidated statement of changes in equity, the consolidated statement of cash flows and notes to the consolidated financial statements including a summary of significant accounting policies. The financial reporting framework that has been applied in their preparation is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). Our audit opinion does not cover the parent company financial statements. In our opinion: the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the group as at 31 December 2020 and 31 December 2019 and its consolidated financial performance and its cash flows for the years then ended; andthe consolidated financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with IFRSs as issued by the IASB. Basis for Opinion We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) and applicable law. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the consolidated financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the group in accordance with the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants’ Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (IESBA Code) together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the group financial statements in the UK, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the IESBA code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. Key audit matters Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period and include the most significant assessed risks of material misstatement (whether or not due to fraud) we identified, including those which had the greatest effect on: the overall audit strategy, the allocation of resources in the audit; and directing the efforts of the engagement team. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. Key audit matter How the scope of our audit addressed the key audit matterCarrying value of exploration and evaluation assets and mine development propertySee notes 4.1, 10 and 11 to the consolidated financial statementsThe group holds the Araguaia mine development property carried at a value of £30,706,818 and the Vermelho exploration and evaluation asset carried at a value of £ 6,062,625. Each year management are required to assess whether there are any indicators that the mine development property and exploration and evaluation asset could be impaired. Management have carried out a review for indicators of impairment and have not identified any indicators. Reviewing indicators of impairment and assessment of carrying values require significant estimates and judgements and therefore we identified this as a key audit matter.We have reviewed management’s impairment assessments for both projects and our procedures included the following : We considered whether management’s assessments of impairment had been carried out in accordance with the requirements of the accounting standards. We reviewed the feasibility studies prepared by independent consultants for consistency with management’s representations and assessed the competence and independence of the experts used by management. For the Araguaia project, this assessment is supported by the externally prepared feasibility study published in October 2018, which indicates a post-tax net present value of $401m at a discount rate of 8%.For the Vermelho project, this assessment is supported by the externally prepared pre-feasibility study published in October 2019, which indicates a post-tax net present value of $1.7bn at a discount rate of 8%. For the Araguaia project we considered if key assumptions had changed unfavourably since the date of publication of the study. Nickel price is a key input assumption and the study’s results used a long term nickel price of $14,000 per tonne. In December 2020 the long term consensus price was higher, at $16,200 per tonne.For the Vermelho project we considered if key assumptions had changed unfavourably since the date of publication of the study. The study’s results used a long term nickel price of $16,400 per tonne. The December 2020 the long term consensus price, at $16,200 per tonne, was 1.2% lower.Both projects will incur certain operating costs in Brazilian Real and therefore the US$/Brl exchange rate is an input assumption. During 2020 the Brazilian Real depreciated significantly, which has a positive impact on economics of the projects as the revenue is denominated in USD.We agreed the validity of licences held by the Group to the Brazilian Government’s DNPM website. We also reviewed the correspondence, contracts and other documents regarding the licenses to confirm that the Group has the relevant rights for its activities in the stated areas for Araguaia and Vermelho.We evaluated the adequacy of the disclosures in respect of the assessment of impairment indicators for the exploration and evaluation asset and impairment assessment of the mine development project against the requirements of the accounting standards. Key observations:Based on our work we concur with management’s assessment of the carrying value of the group’s exploration and evaluation asset and mine development property.Valuation of Royalty Funding Arrangement See notes 18 and 4.4 of the consolidated financial statementsIn the prior year the group entered into a US$25m royalty funding agreement with Orion Mine Finance in exchange for future royalty payments linked to the future revenues of the Araguaia project. The royalty agreement includes a buyback option enabling the Group to reduce the royalty rate and other cash payment options (the call, make whole and put options) for part reduction in the royalty rate, which require the occurrence of certain events.The accounting for this agreement is complex and therefore management obtained advice from an independent expert. The accounting analysis concluded that the agreement is a hybrid contract that contains a non-derivative host loan and prepayment options in the form of embedded derivatives which should be separated for accounting purposes. The embedded derivatives are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently revalued at each period end. Management has engaged an independent expert to calculate the fair value of the buyback option. The fair value calculation utilised Monte-Carlo simulation methodology. The call, make whole and put options can only be exercised if two specific events occur, being: A change of control and;Commencement of major construction work after 31 March 2021. Management assessed the probability of both of these events arising to be remote and have determined the valuation of these options at the inception of the loan and at the year end to be not material.Judgement was required in determining the accounting treatment of the royalty funding agreement and the approach to valuing the options. The valuation of these financial instruments also required management to make a number of key estimates. Accordingly, the accounting for the royalty funding agreement is considered to be a key audit matter.Our procedures in relation to the valuation of the royalty funding loan and embedded derivatives are set our below.In respect of the host loan: We tested the valuation model prepared by management, checking that the model’s methodology was in agreement with the royalty agreement and IFRS requirements and that the assumptions were in agreement with management’s justifications and explanations. We also checked the arithmetical accuracy of the amortised loan model. We critically assessed management’s key assumptions, including long term nickel price, nickel price inflation and the adopted royalty rate, which is determined by the date of commencement of construction. We made our assessment by reference to independent sources of data and supporting documentation held by the Group. In respect of the fair value of the buyback option: We reviewed the option valuation methodology adopted to check that the features of the option had been appropriately modelled and we also confirmed with management that the modelling is in line with their understanding of the option features. We checked that the key assumptions used were in agreement with those used for the valuation of the host loan. The nickel price volatility is an additional key assumption for the option valuation. We recalculated the nickel price volatility using independently sourced data and it was in close proximity to that used by management. The option valuation is sensitive to the nickel price volatility. Based on the features of the option management considered volatility based on five years historic nickel prices to be appropriate. We calculated an alternative reasonable volatility based on ten years and it was in close proximity, being 0.3% lower than the five year volatility. We assessed the competence and independence of the valuation expert used by management. We discussed the valuation with the expert and management to ensure that we understood the methodology that they had adopted and the rationale behind it. In respect of the call, make whole and put options:We discussed with management their basis for concluding that the probability of the events allowing exercise of these options was remote. We corroborated this by reference to press announcements, internal board minutes and other operational documentation and concluded that their assessment was appropriate and supported by the evidence.Key observations:Based on our work, we concur with the judgements made by management in accounting for the royalty agreement and that the valuation methodology adopted for the host loan and the options is appropriate. Other information The other information comprises the information included in the annual report and the management discussion and analysis, other than the consolidated financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon. The directors are responsible for the other information. Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon. In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If we identify such material inconsistencies or apparent material misstatements, we are required to determine whether there is a material misstatement in the financial statements or a material misstatement of the other information. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard. Responsibilities of management Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with IFRSs, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error. In preparing the financial statements, the directors are responsible for assessing the group’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the group or the parent company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so. Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Company’s financial reporting process. Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.As part of an audit in accordance with ISAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also: Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the group’s consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the group’s internal control.Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the directors.Conclude on the appropriateness of the directors’ use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the group’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in the auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the consolidated financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of the auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the group and the parent company to cease to continue as a going concern.Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the consolidated financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation,Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the group to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for the audit opinion. We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit. We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards. From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication. The partner in charge of the audit resulting in this independent auditors’ report is Stuart Barnsdall. BDO LLP, Chartered Accountants London, United Kingdom 31 March 2021 Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive IncomeFor the year ended 31 December 2020 Year ended Year ended 31 December 31 December 2020 2019 Notes£ £ Administrative expenses6(2,949,736)(2,563,880)Charge for share options granted – (326,413)Changes in estimate for contingent and deferred consideration17- 598,660 Fair value movement (424,500)- Gain/(Loss) on foreign exchange 751,313 (56,266)Operating loss (2,622,923)(2,347,899)Finance income8236,986 110,036 Finance costs8- (933,351)Loss before taxation (2,385,937)(3,171,214)Income tax9108,526 – Loss for the year from continuing operations attributable to owners of the parent (2,277,411)(3,171,214)Other comprehensive income Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss Currency translation differences on translating foreign operations16(8,151,944)(2,626,939)Other comprehensive loss for the year, net of tax (8,151,944)(2,626,939)Total comprehensive loss for the year attributable to owners of the parent (10,429,355)(5,798,153)Loss per share from continuing operations attributable to owners of the parent Basic and diluted loss per share (p)21(0.157)(0.219) The above Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes. Consolidated Statement of Financial PositionCompany number: 05676866As at 31 December 2020 31 December 31 December 2020 2019 Notes £ £ Assets Non-current assets Intangible assets10 6,220,872 7,057,445 Property, plant & equipment11 30,839,947 32,260,544 37,060,819 39,317,989 Current assets Trade and other receivables 270,540 134,726 Derivative financial asset18 1,756,553 2,246,809 Cash and cash equivalents12 10,935,563 17,760,330 12,962,656 20,141,865 Total assets 50,023,475 59,459,854 Equity and liabilities Equity attributable to owners of the parent Share capital13 14,493,773 14,463,773 Share premium14 41,848,306 41,785,306 Other reserves16 (12,818,874)(4,666,930)Retained losses (22,112,503)(19,835,092)Total equity 21,410,702 31,747,057 Liabilities Non-current liabilities Contingent consideration17 5,927,025 6,246,071 Royalty Finance18 22,053,341 20,570,411 Deferred tax liabilities9 – 212,382 27,980,366 27,028,864 Current liabilities Trade and other payables17 632,407 683,933 632,407 683,933 Total liabilities 28,612,773 27,712,867 Total equity and liabilities 50,023,475 59,459,854 The above Consolidated Statement of Financial Position should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes. The Financial Statements were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 31 March 2021 and were signed on its behalf. David J Hall Jeremy J MartinChairman Chief Executive Officer Company Statement of Financial PositionCompany number: 05676866As at 31 December 2020 31 December 31 December Notes 2020£ 2019£ Non-Current Assets Investment in subsidiaries26 2,348,142 2,348,042 Loans to Subsidiaries27 64,692,156 55,413,147 67,040,298 57,761,189 Current assets Trade and other receivables 96,196 135,376 Cash and cash equivalents12 5,308,954 17,393,773 5,405,150 17,529,149 Total assets 72,445,448 75,290,338 Equity and liabilities Equity attributable to equity shareholders Share capital13 14,493,773 14,463,773 Share premium14 41,848,306 41,785,306 Other reserves16 10,888,760 10,888,760 Retained losses (13,186,690)(16,564,099)Total equity 54,044,149 50,573,740 Liabilities Non-current liabilities Contingent consideration17 5,927,025 6,246,071 5,927,025 6,246,071 Current liabilities Trade and other payables17 694,110 735,518 Loans from subsidiary 11,780,164 17,735,009 12,474,274 18,470,527 Total liabilities 18,401,299 24,716,598 Total equity and liabilities 72,445,448 75,290,338 The above Company Statement of Financial Position should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes, profit for the period was £3,377,409 (2019: £ 2,037,780 loss). As permitted by section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the statement of comprehensive income of the Parent Company is not presented as part of these Financial Statements. The Financial Statements were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 31 March 2021 and were signed on its behalf. David J Hall Jeremy J MartinChairmanChief Executive Officer Consolidated Statement of Changes in EquityFor the year ended 31 December 2020 Attributable to owners of the parent ShareShareRetainedOther capitalpremiumlossesreservesTotal £££££As at 1 January 201914,325,21841,664,018(16,990,290)(2,039,991)36,958,955 Loss for the year——(3,171,214)— (3,171,214)Other comprehensive income: Currency translation differences on translating foreign operations——— (2,626,939)(2,626,939)Total comprehensive income for the year——(3,171,214)(2,626,939)(5,798,153)Issue of ordinary shares138,555121,288— — 259,843 Issue costs——— — — Share-based payments——326,413 — 326,413 Total transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity138,555121,288326,413 — 586,256 As at 31 December 201914,463,77341,785,306(19,835,092)(4,666,930)31,747,057 Loss for the year——(2,277,411)— (2,277,411)Other comprehensive income: Currency translation differences on translating foreign operations——— (8,151,994)(8,151,944)Total comprehensive income for the year——(2,277,411)(8,151,944)(10,429,355)Issue of ordinary shares30,00063,000— — 93,000 Issue costs——— — — Share-based payments——— — — Total transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity30,00063,000— — 93,000 As at 31 December 202014,493,77341,848,306(22,112,503)(12,818,874)21,410,702 A breakdown of other reserves is provided in note 16. Company Statement of Changes in Equity Attributable to equity shareholders ShareShareRetainedMerger capitalpremiumlossesreservesTotal £££££As at 1 January 201914,325,21841,664,018(14,852,732)10,888,76052,025,264 Profit and total comprehensive income for the year——(2,037,780)—(2,037,780)Issue of ordinary shares138,555121,288— —259,843 Issue costs——— —— Share-based payments——326,413 —326,413 Total transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity138,555121,288(1,711,367)—(1,451,524)As at 31 December 201914,463,77341,785,306(16,564,099)10,888,76050,573,740 Profit and total comprehensive income for the year——3,377,409 —3,377,409 Issue of ordinary shares30,00063,000— —93,000 Issue costs——— —— Share-based payments——— —— Total transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity30,00063,0003,377,409 —3,470,409 As at 31 December 202014,493,77341,848,306(13,186,690)10,888,76054,044,149 The above Statements of Changes in Equity should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes. Consolidated Statement of Cash FlowsFor the year ended 31 December 2020 31 December 31 December 2020 2019 Notes£ £ Cash flows from operating activities Loss before taxation (2,385,936)(3,171,214)Finance income (236,986)(110,036)Finance costs — 933,351 Charge for share options granted — 326,413 Exchange differences (751,313 )(77,072)Change in fair value of contingent consideration — (598,660)Change in fair value of derivative asset 424,500 – Operating loss before changes in working capital (2,949,735)(2,697,218)Increase in trade and other receivables (135,814)(110,483)Increase/(decrease) in trade and other payables (51,526)403,758 Cash used in operating activities (3,137,075)(2,403,943)Income taxes paid (51,071)- Net cash used in operating activities (3,188,146)(2,403,366)Cash flows from investing activities Purchase of exploration and evaluation assets — (3,992,757)Purchase of property, plant and equipment11(4,153,198)(238,701)Interest received 151,459 110,036 Net cash used in investing activities (4,001,739)(4,121,422)Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from issue of royalty funding — 18,241,205 Proceeds from issue of ordinary shares 93,000 — Net cash generated from financing activities 93,000 18,241,205 Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (7,045,814)11,715,130 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 17,760,330 6,527,825 Exchange gain/(loss) on cash and cash equivalents 221,047 (482,625)Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year1210,935,563 17,760,330 The above Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes. Company Statement of Cash FlowsFor year ended 31 December 2020 31 December 31 December 2020 2019 Notes£ £ Cash flows from operating activities Profit/(loss) before taxation 3,428,478 (2,037,780)IFRS9 Expected credit loss (credit)/charge (3,814,254)440,579 Finance income (72,155)(78,420)Finance costs 445,065 344,952 Charge for share options granted – 326,413 Exchange differences (1,491,383)(64,047)Change in fair value of contingent consideration (764,109)(598,660)Depreciation – – Operating profit before changes in working capital (2,268,358)(1,666,961)Increase/(decrease) in trade and other receivables 39,180 (116,049)(Decrease)/Increase in trade and other payables (41,409)250,387 Cash flows generated from operating activities (2,270,587)(1,532,625)Taxes paid (51,071)- Net Cash flows from operating activities (2,321,658)(1,532,625)Cash flows from investing activities Loans to subsidiary undertakings (10,363,054)(4,353,284)Interest received 72,155 78,420 Net cash used in investing activities (10,290,899)(4,274,864)Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from grant of Royalty – 18,241,205 Proceeds from issue of ordinary shares 93,000 – Issue costs – – Net cash generated from financing activities 93,000 18,241,205 Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (12,519,557)12,433,716 Exchange gain/(loss) on cash and cash equivalents 434,738 (527,342)Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 17,393,773 5,487,399 Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year125,308,954 17,393,773 On the 24 January 2019 the Company issued 13,855,487 shares as a non cash settlement for $330,000 of deferred contingent consideration The above Company Statement of Cash Flows should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes. Notes to the Financial Statements 1 General information The principal activity of Horizonte Minerals Plc (‘the Company’) and its subsidiaries (together ‘the Group’) is the exploration and development of base metals. The Company’s shares are listed on the AIM market of the London Stock Exchange and on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The Company is incorporated and domiciled in England and Wales. The address of its registered office is Rex House, 4-12 Regents Street, London, SW1Y 4RG. 2 Summary of significant accounting policies The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these Financial Statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented. 2.1 Basis of preparation These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with in accordance with international accounting standards in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 and in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards “IFRS” and their interpretations as issued by the IASB. The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention as modified by the revaluation of share based payment charges and the valuation of derivative financial assets which are assessed annually. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group’s Accounting Policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the Financial Statements, are disclosed in Note 4. 2.2 Going concern The Group’s business activities together with the factors likely to affect its future development, performance and position are set out in the Chairman’s Statement on pages  and ; in addition note  to the Financial Statements includes the Group’s objectives, policies and processes for managing its capital; its financial risk management objectives; details of its financial instruments and its exposure to credit and liquidity risk. The Financial Statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. Although the Group’s assets are not generating revenues and an operating loss has been reported, the Directors consider that the Group has sufficient funds to undertake its operating activities for a period of at least the next 12 months including any additional expenditure required in relation to its current exploration and development projects. The Group raised $26.2 million in February 2021 by way of issuing new shares and special warrants that are convertible into equity upon the publication of a short for prospectus in Canada. The funds held at the year end along with those raised post year end means the Group has cash reserves which are considered sufficient by the Directors to fund the Group’s committed expenditure both operationally and on its exploration project for the foreseeable future. However, as additional projects are identified and the Araguaia project moves towards production, additional funding will be required. The uncertainty as to the future impact of the Covid-19 pandemic has been considered as part of the Group’s adoption of the going concern basis. In response to government instructions the Group’s offices in London and Brazil have been closed with staff working from home, international travel has stopped and all site work for the two projects has been restricted to a minimum level. However, a number of the key project milestones are still advancing and are currently on track being run by the teams in a virtual capacity. Whilst the board considers that the effect of Covid-19 on the Group’s financial results at this time is constrained to inefficiencies due to remote working, restrictions on travel and some minor potential delays to consultants work streams, the Board considers the pandemic could delay the Araguaia project financing timeline by a number of months (this will be dependent on the duration of the effects of the Covid-19 virus across global markets). However, the additional funding described above provides sufficient financing to enable the Company to continue its operations for at least 12 months should any additional cost arise as a result of any potential deterioration in the global Covid-19 situation. As a result of considerations noted above, the Directors have a reasonable expectation that the Group and Company have adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. Thus, they continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing these Financial Statements. 2.2 (b) Assessment of the impact of COVID-19 During the period of these financial statements there has been an ongoing significant global pandemic which has had significant knock on effects for the majority of the world’s population, by way of the measures governments are taking to tackle the issue. This represents a risk to the Group’s operations by restricting travel, the potential to detriment the health and wellbeing of its employees, as well as the effects that this might have on the ability of the Group to finance and advance its operations in the timeframes envisaged. The Group has taken steps to try and ensure the safety of its employees and operate under the current circumstances and feels the outlook for its operations remains positive, however risk remain should the pandemic worsen or changes its impact on the Group. The assessment of the possible impact on the going concern position of the Group is set out in the going concern note above. In addition, because of the long term nature of the Group’s nickel projects and their strong project economics management do not consider that COVID has given rise to any impairment indicators. The Group has not received any government assistance. 2.3 Changes in accounting policy and disclosures a) New and amended standards adopted by the Group New standards impacting the Group that are adopted in the annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020, are: Standard Detail Effective date IFRS 7, IFRS 9, IAS 39Amendments regarding pre-replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform1 January 2020IAS 1, IAS 8Amendment – regarding the definition of material1 January 2020 The adopted amendments have not resulted in any changes to the Group Consolidated Financial Statements. b) New and amended standards, and interpretations issued but not yet effective for the financial year beginning 1 January 2020 and not early adopted At the date of authorisation of these Consolidated Financial Statements, the following new standards, amendments and interpretations to existing standards have been published but are not yet effective and have not been adopted early by the Group. StandardDetailEffective dateIFRS 7, IFRS 9, IFRS 16, IAS 39Amendments regarding pre-replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform1 January 2021IAS 16Amendments prohibiting a company from deducting from the cost of property, plant and equipment amounts received from selling items produced while the company is preparing the asset for its intended use1 January 2022IAS 37Amendments regarding the costs to include when assessing whether a contract is onerous1 January 2022IAS 1Amendment – regarding the classification of liabilities1 January 2023 Management anticipates that all the pronouncements will be adopted in the Group’s accounting policies for the first period beginning after the effective date of the pronouncement. c) New accounting policy adopted Following the commencement of the development of the Araguaia mine project the Group has adopted a new accounting policy for capitalisation of borrowing costs. The accounting policy is described in note 2.6 below. 2.4 Basis of consolidation and business acquisitions Horizonte Minerals Plc was incorporated on 16 January 2006. On 23 March 2006 Horizonte Minerals Plc acquired the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited (HEL) by way of a share for share exchange. The transaction was treated as a group reconstruction and was accounted for using the merger accounting method as the entities were under common control before and after the acquisition. Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the Group. Control is achieved when the Group is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. The Group considers all relevant facts and circumstances in assessing whether it has power over an investee, including: The contractual arrangement with the other vote holders of the investee.Rights arising from other contractual arrangements.The Group’s voting rights and potential voting rights. Consolidation of a subsidiary begins when the Group obtains control over the subsidiary and ceases when the Group loses control of the subsidiary. Assets, liabilities, income and expenses of a subsidiary acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date the Group gains control until the date the Group ceases to control the subsidiary. Other than for the acquisition of HEL as noted above, the Group uses the acquisition method of accounting to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair value of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred and the equity interests issued by the Group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred unless they result from the issuance of shares, in which case they are offset against the premium on those shares within equity. If an acquisition is achieved in stages, the acquisition date carrying value of the acquirer’s previously held equity interest in the acquiree is remeasured to fair value at the acquisition date through profit or loss. Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the Group is recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration that is deemed to be an asset or a liability is recognised in accordance with IFRS9 either in profit or loss or as a change in other comprehensive income. The unwinding of the discount on contingent consideration liabilities is recognised as a finance charge within profit or loss. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not remeasured, and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity. The excess of the consideration transferred and the acquisition date fair value of any previous equity interest in the acquiree over the fair value of the Group’s share of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. If this is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired in the case of a bargain purchase, the difference is recognised directly in profit or loss. Inter-company transactions, balances and unrealised gains on transactions between Group companies are eliminated. Accounting policies of subsidiaries have been changed where necessary to ensure consistency with policies adopted by the Group. Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for at cost less impairment. The following 100% owned subsidiaries have been included within the consolidated Financial Statements (consistent with the prior year): Subsidiary undertakingHeldRegistered AddressCountry of incorporationNature of businessHorizonte Exploration LtdDirectlyRex House, 4-12 Regents Street, London SW1Y 4RGEnglandMineral ExplorationHorizonte Minerals (IOM) LtdIndirectly1st Floor, Viking House, St Pauls Square, Ramsey, IM8 1GB, Ilse of ManIsle of ManHolding companyHM Brazil (IOM) LtdIndirectly1st Floor, Viking House, St Pauls Square, Ramsey, IM8 1GB, Ilse of ManIsle of ManHolding companyCluny (IOM) LtdIndirectly1st Floor, Viking House, St Pauls Square, Ramsey, IM8 1GB, Ilse of ManIsle of ManHolding companyChampol (IOM) ltdIndirectly1st Floor, Viking House, St Pauls Square, Ramsey, IM8 1GB, Ilse of ManIsle of ManHolding companyHorizonte Nickel (IOM) LtdIndirectly1st Floor, Viking House, St Pauls Square, Ramsey, IM8 1GB, Ilse of ManIsle of ManHolding companyNickel Production Services B.VDirectlyAtrium Building, 8th floor, Strawinskylaan 3127, 1077 ZX, AmsterdamThe NetherlandsProvision of financial servicesHM do Brasil LtdaIndirectlyCNPJ 07.819.038/0001-30 com sede na Avenida Amazonas, 2904, loja 511, Bairro Prado, Belo Horizonte – MG. CEP: 30.411-186BrazilMineral ExplorationAraguaia Níquel Metais LtdaIndirectlyCNPJ 97.515.035/0001-03 com sede na Avenida Amazonas, 2904, loja 511, Bairro Prado, Belo Horizonte – MG. CEP: 30.411-186BrazilMineral ExplorationTrias Brasil Mineração LtdaIndirectlyCNPJ 23.282.280/0001-73 com sede na Alameda Ezequiel Dias, n. 427, 2º andar, bairro Funcionários, Município de Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais, CEP 30.130-110BrazilMineral Exploration During the year two wholly owned subsidiaries of the group, Lontra Emprendimentos e Participacões Ltda and Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda were closed down and their assets transferred to other Brazilian subsidiaries. 2.4 (b) Subsidiaries and AcquisitionsThe consolidated financial statements incorporate the financial statements of the Company and entities controlled by the Company (its subsidiaries) made up to 31 December each year. Control is recognised where an investor is expected, or has rights, to variable returns from its investment with the investee, and has the ability to affect these returns through its power over the investee. Based on the circumstances of the acquisition an assessment will be made as to whether the acquisition represents an acquisition of an asset or the acquisition of asset. In the event of a business acquisition, the assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of a subsidiary are measured at their fair value at the date of acquisition. Any excess of the cost of the acquisition over the fair values of the identifiable net assets acquired is recognised as a “fair value” adjustment. If the cost of the acquisition is less than the fair value of net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognised directly in profit or loss. In the event of an asset acquisition assets and liabilities are assigned a carrying amount based on relative fair value. The results of subsidiaries acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the statement of comprehensive income from the effective date of acquisition or up to the effective date of disposal, as appropriate. Where necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring the accounting policies into line with those used by the Group. Contingent consideration as a result of business acquisitions is included in cost at its acquisition date assessed value and, in the case of contingent consideration classified as a financial liability, remeasured subsequently through the profit and loss. 2.5 Intangible Assets (a) Goodwill Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group’s share of the net identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquired subsidiary at the date of acquisition. Goodwill arising on the acquisition of subsidiaries is included in ‘intangible assets’. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Impairment losses on goodwill are not reversed. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold. Goodwill is allocated to cash generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash-generating units or groups of cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose, identified according to operating segment. (b) Exploration and evaluation assets The Group capitalises expenditure in relation to exploration and evaluation of mineral assets when the legal rights are obtained and are initially valued and subsequently carried at cost less any subsequent impairment. Expenditure included in the initial measurement of exploration and evaluation assets and which are classified as intangible assets relate to the acquisition of rights to explore, topographical, geological, geochemical and geophysical studies, exploratory drilling, trenching, sampling and activities to evaluate the technical feasibility and commercial viability of extracting a mineral resource. Exploration and evaluation assets arising on business combinations are included at their acquisition-date fair value in accordance with IFRS 3 (revised) ‘Business combinations’. Other exploration and evaluation assets and all subsequent expenditure on assets acquired as part of a business combination are recorded and held at cost. Exploration and evaluation assets are assessed for impairment when facts and circumstances suggest that the carrying amount of an asset may exceed its recoverable amount. The assessment is carried out by allocating exploration and evaluation assets to cash generating units, which are based on specific projects or geographical areas. Impairment reviews for deferred exploration and evaluation expenditure are carried out on a project by project basis, with each project representing a potential single cash generating unit. In accordance with the requirements of IFRS 6, an impairment review is undertaken when indicators of impairment arise such as: (i) unexpected geological occurrences that render the resource uneconomic; (ii) title to the asset is compromised; (iii) variations in mineral prices that render the project uneconomic; (iv) substantive expenditure on further exploration and evaluation of mineral resources is neither budgeted nor planned; and (v) the period for which the Group has the right to explore has expired and is not expected to be renewed. See note 2.7 for impairment review process if impairment indicators are identified. Whenever the exploration for and evaluation of mineral resources does not lead to the discovery of commercially viable quantities of mineral resources or the Group has decided to discontinue such activities of that unit, the associated expenditures are written off to profit or loss. Whenever a commercial discovery is the direct result of the exploration and evaluation assets, upon the decision to proceed with development of the asset and initial funding arrangements are in place the costs shall be transferred to a Mine Development asset within property, plant and equipment. (c) Acquisitions of Mineral Exploration Licences Acquisitions of Mineral Exploration Licences through acquisition of non-operational corporate structures that do not represent a business, and therefore do not meet the deﬁnition of a business combination, are accounted for as the acquisition of an asset and recognised at the fair value of the consideration. Related future consideration if contingent is recognised if it is considered that it is probable that it will be paid. 2.6 Property, plant and equipmentMine development property Following determination of the technical feasibility and commercial viability of a mineral resource, the relevant expenditure is transferred from exploration and evaluation assets to mine development property. Further development costs are capitalised to mine development properties, if and only if, it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the entity and the cost can be measured reliably. Cost is defined as the purchase price and directly attributable costs. Once the asset is considered to be capable of operating in a manner intended by management, commercial production is declared, and the relevant costs are depreciated. Evaluated mineral property is carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Short lived Property, plant and equipment All other property, plant and equipment such as office equipment and vehicles are stated at historic cost less accumulated depreciation. Historic cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items. Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. Major repairs and maintenance are capitalised, all other repairs and maintenance costs are charged to profit or loss during the financial period in which they are incurred. Depreciation and amortisation Mine development property is not depreciated prior to commercial production but is reviewed for impairment annually (see “Impairment of assets” section below). Upon commencement of commercial production, mine development property is transferred to a mining property and is depreciated on a units-of-production basis. Only proven and probable reserves are used in the tonnes mined units of production depreciation calculation. Depreciation is charged on a straight-line basis for all other property, plant and equipment, so as to write off the cost of assets, over their estimated useful lives, using the straight-line method, on the following bases: Office equipment25%Vehicles and other field equipment25% – 33% The asset’s residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period. An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the assets carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount. Capitalisation of borrowing costs Borrowing costs are expensed except where they relate to the financing of construction or development of qualifying assets. Borrowing costs directly related to financing of qualifying assets in the course of construction are capitalised to the carrying value of the Araguaia mine development property. Where funds have been borrowed specifically to the finance the Project, the amount capitalised represents the actual borrowing costs incurred net of all interest income earned on the temporary re-investment of these borrowings prior to utilisation. Borrowing costs capitalised include: Interest charge on royalty financeAdjustments to the carrying value of the royalty financeUnwinding of discount and adjustment to carrying value on contingent consideration payable for Araguaia The capitalisation of adjustments to the carrying values as a result of changes in estimates is an accounting policy choice under IFRS and management have selected to capitalise. All other borrowing costs are recognized as part of interest expense in the year which they are incurred. 2.7 Impairment of non-financial assets Assets that have an indefinite useful life, such as goodwill are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Exploration assets and property, plant and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at each reporting date. 2.8 Foreign currency translation (a) Functional and presentation currency Items included in the Financial Statements of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the ‘functional currency’). The functional currency of the UK and Isle of Man entities is Pounds Sterling and the functional currency of the Brazilian entities is Brazilian Real. The functional currency of the project financing subsidiary incorporated in the Netherlands is USD. The Consolidated Financial Statements are presented in Pounds Sterling, rounded to the nearest pound, which is the Company’s functional and Group’s presentation currency. (b) Transactions and balances Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions or valuation where such items are re-measured. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in profit or loss. (c) Group companies The results and financial position of all the Group’s entities (none of which has the currency of a hyperinflationary economy) that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows: (1) assets and liabilities for each statement of financial position presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of that statement of financial position; (2) each component of profit or loss is translated at average exchange rates during the accounting period (unless this average is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the dates of the transactions); and (3) all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income. On consolidation, exchange differences arising from the translation of the net investment in foreign entities, and of monetary items receivable from foreign subsidiaries for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future are taken to other comprehensive income. When a foreign operation is sold, such exchange differences are recognised in profit or loss as part of the gain or loss on sale. Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of a foreign entity are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign entity and retranslated at the end of each reporting period. 2.9 Financial instruments Financial instruments are measured as set out below. Financial instruments carried on the statement of financial position include cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, trade and other payables, derivative assets, royalty finance liability and loans to group companies. Financial instruments are initially recognised at fair value when the group becomes a party to their contractual arrangements. Transaction costs directly attributable to the instrument’s acquisition or issue are included in the initial measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities, except financial instruments classified as at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). The subsequent measurement of financial instruments is dealt with below. Financial assets On initial recognition, a financial asset is classified as: Amortised cost;Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI) – equity instruments; orFVTPL. The group does not currently have any financial assets classified as FVTOCI. Fair value through profit or loss This category comprises in-the-money derivatives. They are carried in the statement of financial position at fair value with changes in fair value recognised in the profit loss statement. Amortised cost Financial assets that arise principally from assets where the objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual cash flows are solely payments of principal and interest. They are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to their acquisition or issue, and are subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition is recognised directly in profit or loss and presented in other gains or losses, together with foreign exchange gains or losses. Impairment losses are presented as separate line item in the statement of profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at FVTPL is recognised in profit or loss and presented net within other gains or losses in the period in which it arises. On derecognition of a financial asset, the difference between the proceeds received or receivable and the carrying amount of the asset is included in profit or loss. Financial assets at amortised cost consist of trade receivables and other receivables (excluding taxes), cash and cash equivalents, and related party intercompany loans Impairment provisions for receivables and loans to related parties are recognised based on using the general approach to determine if there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition and whether the receivables and loans are credit impaired. The methodology used to determine the amount of the provision is based on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition of the financial asset. For those where the credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition of the financial asset, twelve month expected credit losses along with gross interest income are recognised. For those for which credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime expected credit losses along with the gross interest income are recognised. For those that are determined to be credit impaired, lifetime expected credit losses along with interest income on a net basis are recognised. Cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents are carried in the statement of financial position at cost. For the purpose of the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand, deposits held at call with banks, other short term highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase. Financial liabilities The Group classifies its financial liabilities into one of two categories, depending on the purpose for which the liability was acquired. Fair value through profit or loss The group does not currently have any financial liabilities carried at Fair value through Profit and loss. Other financial liabilities Financial liabilities are initially valued at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, except for financial liabilities designated at fair value through profit or loss, that are carried subsequently at fair value with gains and losses recognised in the profit and loss statement. The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments through the expected life of the financial liability, or, where appropriate, a shorter period. The Group’s financial liabilities initially measured at fair value and subsequently recognised at amortised cost include accounts payables and accrued liabilities as well as the Group’s Royalty liability. 2.10 Taxation The tax credit or expense for the period comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognised in the Income Statement, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively. The charge for current tax is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period in the countries where the company and its subsidiaries operate and generate taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities. Deferred tax is accounted for using the liability method in respect of temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill; deferred tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Deferred tax assets are recognised on tax losses carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through future taxable profits is probable. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for taxable temporary differences arising on investments in subsidiaries and associates, and interests in joint ventures, except where the Company is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when the deferred tax assets and liabilities relate to taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the same taxable entity or different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the balances on a net basis. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Statement of Financial Position date and are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are not discounted. 2.11 Share capital Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new ordinary shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds. 2.12 Trade payables Trade payables are obligations to pay for goods or services that have been acquired in the ordinary course of business from suppliers. Accounts payable are classified as current liabilities if payment is due within one year or less. If not, they are presented as non-current liabilities. Trade payables are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. 2.13 Leases All leases are accounted for by recognising a right-of-use assets due to a lease liability except for: > Lease of low value assets; and > Leases with duration of 12 months or less The Group only has such short duration leases and lease payments are charged to the income statement. 2.14 Share-based payments and incentives The Group operates equity-settled, share-based compensation plans, under which the entity receives services from employees as consideration for equity instruments (options) of the Group. The fair value of employee services received in exchange for the grant of share options are recognised as an expense. The total expense to be apportioned over the vesting period is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted: > including any market performance conditions; > excluding the impact of any service and non-market performance vesting conditions; and > including the impact of any non-vesting conditions. Non-market performance and service conditions are included in assumptions about the number of options that are expected to vest. The total expense is recognised over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. At the end of each reporting period the Group revises its estimate of the number of options that are expected to vest. It recognises the impact of the revision of original estimates, if any, in profit or loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity. When options are exercised, the Company issues new shares. The proceeds received net of any directly attributable transaction costs are credited to share capital (nominal value) and share premium. The fair value of goods or services received in exchange for shares is recognised as an expense. 2.15 Segment reporting Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Executive Officer, the Company’s chief operating decision-maker (“CODM”). 2.16 Finance income Interest income is recognised using the effective interest method, taking into account the principal amounts outstanding and the interest rates applicable. 2.17 Provisions and Contingent LiabilitiesProvisions are recognised when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation; and the amount can be reliably estimated. Provisions are measured at the present value of the expenditures expected to be required to settle the obligation using a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the obligation. The increase in the provision due to passage of time is recognised as finance cost. Contingent liabilities are potential obligations that arise from past events and whose existence will only be confirmed by the occurrence of one or more uncertain future events that, however, are beyond the control of the Group. Furthermore, present obligations may constitute contingent liabilities if it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, or a sufficiently reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. The company has contingent consideration arising in respect of mineral asset acquisitions. Details are disclosed in note 4.2. Restoration, Rehabilitation and Environmental Provisions Management uses its judgement and experience to provide for and amortise the estimated mine closure and site rehabilitation over the life of the mine. Provisions are discounted at a risk-free rate and cost base inflated at an appropriate rate. The ultimate closure and site rehabilitation costs are uncertain and cost estimates can vary in response to many factors including changes to relevant legal requirements or the emergence of new restoration techniques. The expected timing and extent of expenditure can also change, for example in response to changes in ore reserves or processing levels. As a result, there could be significant adjustments to the provisions established which could affect future financial results. Currently there is no provision as all restoration and rehabilitation for activities undertaken to date in line with the agreements for access to land. Once construction and mining operations commence however this is anticipated to become more significant. Trade and other payablesAccounts payable and other short term monetary liabilities, are initially recognised at fair value, which equates to the transaction price, and subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method. 3 Financial risk management The Group is exposed through its operations to the following financial risks: Credit riskInterest rate riskForeign exchange riskPrice risk, andLiquidity risk. In common with all other businesses, the Group is exposed to risks that arise from its use of financial instruments. This note describes the Group’s objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks and the methods used to measure them. Further quantitative information in respect of these risks is presented throughout these financial statements. There have been no substantive changes in the Group’s exposure to financial instrument risks, its objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks or the methods used to measure them from previous periods unless otherwise stated in this note. (i) Principal financial instruments The principal financial instruments used by the Group, from which financial instrument risk arises, are as follows: Trade and other receivablesCash and cash equivalentsTrade and other payablesRoyalty financeDerivative financial assets 3.1 Financial risk factors The main financial risks to which the Group’s activities are exposed are liquidity and fluctuations on foreign currency. The Group’s overall risk management programme focusses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the Group’s financial performance. Risk management is carried out by the Board of Directors under policies approved at the quarterly Board meetings. The Board frequently discusses principles for overall risk management including policies for specific areas such as foreign exchange. (a) Liquidity risks In keeping with similar sized mineral exploration groups, the Group’s continued future operations depend on the ability to raise sufficient working capital through the issue of equity share capital. Liquidity risk arises from the Group’s management of working capital and the expenditure profile of the group. At present is does not have any finance charges and principal repayments that require settlement as the only liabilities it has are contingent upon reaching production. There is however a risk that the Group will encounter difficulty in meeting its financial obligations as they fall due. The Group’s policy is to ensure that it will always have sufficient cash to allow it to meet its liabilities when they become due. To achieve this aim, it seeks to maintain cash balances (or agreed facilities) to meet expected requirements for a period of at least 6 months. All cash, with the exception of that required for immediate working capital requirements, is held on short-term deposit. The Board receives rolling 12-month cash flow projections on a quarterly basis as well as information regarding cash balances and (as noted above) the value of the Group’s deposits. At the end of the financial year, these projections indicated that the Group expected to have sufficient liquid resources to meet its obligations under all reasonably expected circumstances. The liquidity risk of each group entity is managed centrally by the group treasury function. Each operation has a facility with group treasury, the amount of the facility being based on budgets. The budgets are set locally and agreed by the board in advance, enabling the Group’s cash requirements to be anticipated. The following table sets out the contractual maturities of undiscounted financial liabilities: Group At 31 December 2020Up to 3 MonthsBetween 3 & 12 MonthsBetween 1 & 2 YearsBetween 2 & 5 YearsOver 5 years £££££Trade & other payables632,407— Royalty financing arrangement—9,263,974148,448,937Contingent consideration—3,659,4854,391,382Total632,407–12,923,459152,840,319 The cash flows related to the royalty finance represent the estimated future payments in future years. At 31 December 2019Up to 3 MonthsBetween 3 & 12 MonthsBetween 1 & 2 YearsBetween 2 & 5 YearsOver 5 years £££££Trade & other payables683,933— Royalty financing arrangement—8,781,200136,016,637Contingent consideration—8,295,626-Total683,933–17,076,826136,016,637 The cash flows related to the royalty finance represent the estimated future payments in future years. Company At 31 December 2020Up to 3 MonthsBetween 3 & 12 MonthsBetween 1 & 2 YearsBetween 2 & 5 YearsOver 5 years £££££Trade & other payables280,179—-Intercompany loans12,194,094—-Contingent consideration—3,659,4854,391,382Total12,474,273–3,659,4854,391,382 At 31 December 2019Up to 3 MonthsBetween 3 & 12 MonthsBetween 1 & 2 YearsBetween 2 & 5 YearsOver 5 years £££££Trade & other payables735,518—-Intercompany loans17,735,009—-Contingent consideration—8,295,626-Total18,470,527–8,295,626- (b) Foreign currency risks The Group operates internationally and is exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from various currency exposures, primarily with respect to the Brazilian Real, US Dollar and the Pound Sterling. Foreign exchange risk arises from future commercial transactions, recognised assets and liabilities and net investments in foreign operations that are denominated in a foreign currency. The Group holds a proportion of its cash in US Dollars and Brazilian Reals to hedge its exposure to foreign currency fluctuations and recognises the profits and losses resulting from currency fluctuations as and when they arise. The volume of transactions is not deemed sufficient to enter into forward contracts. At 31 December 2020, if the Brazilian Real had weakened/strengthened by 20% against Pound Sterling with all other variables held constant, post tax loss for the year would have been approximately £1,204,049 (2019: £102,936) lower/higher mainly as a result of foreign exchange losses/gains on translation of Brazilian Real expenditure and denominated bank balances. If the USD:GBP rate had increased by 5% the effect would be £372,488 (2019: £799,698). As of 31 December 2020 the Group’s net exposure to foreign exchange risk was as follows: Functional Currency GroupUSD2020USD2019GBP2020GBP2019BRL2020BRL2019Total2020Total2019Currency of net££££££££Financial assets/(liabilities) GBP— —- -USD–(1,440,779)10,822,512–(1,440,779)10,822,512BRL5,433,840- —5,433,840 -CAD–57,683 28,686–57,683 28,686EUR72,610– —72,610 -Total net exposure5,506,450-(1,383,096)10,851,198–4,123,354 10,851,198 CompanyGBP2020GBP2019Total2020Total2019Currency of net££££Financial assets/liabilities USD(1,569,868)10,822,512(1,569,868)10,822,512CAD30,000 28,68630,000 28,686Total net exposure(1,539,868)10,851,198(1,539,868)10,851,198 (c) Interest rate risk As the Group has no borrowings, it is not exposed to interest rate risk on financial liabilities. The Group’s interest rate risk arises from its cash held on short-term deposit for which the Directors use a mixture of fixed and variable rate deposits. As a result, fluctuations in interest rates are not expected to have a significant impact on profit or loss or equity. (d) Commodity price risk The group is exposed to the price fluctuation of its primary product from the Araguaia project, being FerroNickel. The Group has a royalty over its Araguaia project which is denominated as a fixed percentage of the product over a certain number of tonnes produced. Given the Group is current in the development phase and is not yet producing any revenue, the costs of managing exposure to commodity price risk exceed any potential benefits. The Directors monitor this risk on an ongoing basis and will review this as the group moves towards production. The Groups exposure to nickel price amounted to the carrying value of the Royalty liability of £22,053,341 (2019: £20,570,411). If the long term nickel price assumption used in the estimation were to increase or decrease by 10% then the effect on the carrying value of the liability would be an increase/decrease of £2,279,818 (2019: £2,107,418). (e) Credit risk Credit risk arises from cash and cash equivalents and outstanding receivables including intercompany loan receivable balances. The Group maintains cash and short-term deposits with a variety of credit worthy financial institutions and considers the credit ratings of these institutions before investing in order to mitigate against the associated credit risk. The Company’s exposure to credit risk amounted to £10,935,563, (2019: £17,760,330) and represents the Group cash positions. The Company’s exposure to credit risk amounted to £70,001,110, (2019: £73,189,301). Of this amount £64,692,156 (2019: £55,795,528) is due from subsidiary companies and £5,308,954 represents cash holdings (2019: £17,393,773). See note 27 for adjustments for provisions for expected credit losses for the intercompany receivables from subsidiary companies. 3.2 Capital risk management The Group’s objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern, in order to provide returns for shareholders and to enable the Group to continue its exploration and evaluation activities. The Group has no repayable debt at 31 December 2020 and defines capital based on the total equity of the Group. The Group monitors its level of cash resources available against future planned exploration and evaluation activities and may issue new shares in order to raise further funds from time to time. As indicated above, the Group holds cash reserves on deposit at several banks and in different currencies until they are required and in order to match where possible with the corresponding liabilities in that currency. 3.3 Fair value estimation The carrying values of trade receivables and payables are assumed to be approximate to their fair values, due to their short-term nature. The value of contingent consideration is estimated by discounting the future expected contractual cash flows at the Group’s current cost of capital of 7% based on the interest rate available to the Group for a similar financial instrument. During the prior year the Group entered into a royalty funding arrangement with Orion Mine Finance securing a gross upfront payment of $25,000,000 before fees in exchange for a royalty over the first 426k tonnes of nickel produced from the Araguaia Ferronickel project. The agreement includes several prepayment options embedded within the agreement enabling the Group to reduce the royalty rate, these options are carried at fair value. Details of this agreement are included in note . The future expected nickel price and, volatility of the nickel prices are key estimates that are critical in the fair value of the Buy Back Option associated with the Royalty financing. The fair value of cash, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of the instruments. Fair value measurements recognised in the statement of financial position subsequent to initial fair value recognition can be classified into Levels 1 to 3 based on the degree to which fair value is observable. Level 1 – Fair value measurements are those derived from quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. Level 2 – Fair value measurements are those derived from inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly, or indirectly. Level 3 – Fair value measurements are those derived from valuation techniques that include inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data. Information relating to the basis of determination of the level 3 fair value for the buyback option and consideration of sensitivity to changes in estimates is disclosed in note [18b]). ] There were no transfers between any levels of the fair value hierarchy in the current or prior years. 4 Critical accounting estimates and judgements The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with IFRSs requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the end of the reporting period and the reported amount of expenses during the year. Actual results may vary from the estimates used to produce these Financial Statements. Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Significant items subject to such estimates and judgements include, but are not limited to: Estimates Company – Application of the expected credit loss model prescribed by IFRS 9 IFRS 9 requires the Parent company to make assumptions when implementing the forward-looking expected credit loss model. This model is required to be used to assess the intercompany loan receivables from the company’s Brazilian subsidiaries for impairment. Arriving at the expected credit loss allowance involved considering different scenarios for the recovery of the intercompany loan receivables, the possible credit losses that could arise and the probabilities for these scenarios. The following was considered; the exploration project risk for Vermelho as well as the potential economics as derived from the PFS, positive NPV of the Araguaia projects as demonstrated by the Feasibility Study, ability to raise the finance to develop the projects, ability to sell the projects, market and technical risks relating to the project, participation of the subsidiaries in the Araguaia projects. See note 27 for a discussion on the adjustment passed concerning the impairment loss. Valuation of derivative financial assets Valuing derivatives inherently relies on a series of estimates and assumptions to derive what is deemed to be a fair value estimate for a financial instrument. The royalty financing arrangement entered into by the Group includes a Buyback option, an embedded derivatives which was valued using a Monte Carlo simulation method. This methodology of determining fair value is reliant upon estimations including the probability of certain scenarios occurring, the estimated production rate and timeline of production from the Araguaia project, future nickel prices as well as discount factors. The most important estimates in determining the valuation of the Buyback option are the future nickel price and its price volatility. The sensitivity of the valuation to these estimates are considered in note 18b). Judgements 4.1 Impairment of exploration and evaluation costs Exploration and evaluation costs which relate solely to Vermelho have a carrying value at 31 December 2020 of [£6,062,624] (2019: £6,846,859). Each exploration project is subject to an annual review by either a consultant or senior company geologist to determine if the exploration results returned to date warrant further exploration expenditure and have the potential to result in an economic discovery. This review takes into consideration long-term metal prices, anticipated resource volumes and grades, permitting and infrastructure. In the event that a project does not represent an economic exploration target and results indicate there is no additional upside, a decision will be made to discontinue exploration. The judgement exercised by management relates to whether there is perceived to be an indicator of impairment and that management have concluded that there is not, due to the recovery in the Nickel prices, favourable economics of the Pre-Feasibility Study as well as the fundamentals of the nickel market and expected supply gap in the mid-term. 4.2 Contingent consideration Contingent consideration has a carrying value of £5,927,026 at 31 December 2020 (2019: £6,246,071). There are two contingent consideration arrangements in place as at 31 December 2020: Payable to Glencore in respect of the Araguaia acquisition – $5mPayable to Vale in respect of the Vale acquisition – $6m In prior years Management judged that the projects had advanced to a stage that it was probable that the consideration would be paid and so should be recognised in full. This remains the position. In addition, a key estimate in determining the estimated value of the contingent consideration for both Glencore and Vale is the timing of the assumed date of first commercial production. Please refer to Note  for an analysis of the contingent and deferred consideration. 4.3 Current and deferred taxation The Group is subject to income taxes in numerous jurisdictions. Judgment is required in determining the worldwide provision for such taxes. The Group recognises liabilities for anticipated tax issues based on estimates of whether additional taxes will be due. Where the final tax outcome of these matters is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will affect the current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities in the period in which such determination is made. Deferred tax liabilities have been recognised on the fair value gains in exploration assets arising on the acquisitions of Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda (formerly Teck Cominco Brasil S.A) and Lontra Empreendimentos e Participações Ltda in 2010. A deferred tax asset in respect of the losses has been recognised on acquisition of Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda to the extent that it can be set against the deferred tax liability arising on the fair value gains. In determining whether a deferred tax asset in excess of this amount should be recognized management must make an assessment of the probability that the tax losses will be utilized and a deferred tax asset is only recognised if it is considered probable that the tax losses will be utilized. Other estimates include but are not limited to future cash flows associated with assets, useful lives for depreciation and fair value of financial instruments. 4.4 Accounting for the royalty finance arrangements The Group has a $25m royalty funding arrangement which was secured in order to advance the Araguaia project towards construction. The royalty pays a fixed percentage of revenue to the holder for production from the first 426k tonnes of nickel produced from the Araguaia project. The treatment of this financing arrangement as a financial liability, calculated using the effective interest rate methodology is a key judgement that was made by the Company in the prior year and which was taken following obtaining independent expert advice. The carrying value of the financing liability is driven by the expected future cashflows payable to the holder on the basis of the production profile of the mine property. It is also sensitive to assumptions regarding the royalty rate, which can vary based upon the start date for construction of the project and future nickel prices. The contract includes certain embedded derivatives, including the Buy Back Option which has been separated and carried at fair value through profit and loss. The future price of nickel and date of commencement of commercial production are key estimates that are critical in the determination of the carrying value of the royalty liability. The future expected nickel price and, volatility of the nickel prices are key estimates that are critical in the determination of the fair value of the Buy Back Option associated with the Royalty financing. Further information relating to the accounting for this liability, the embedded derivative and the sensitivity of the carrying value to these estimates is provided in note 18a) and 18b). 4.5 Determination of commencement of capitalisation of borrowing costs The date at which the Group commenced capitalisation of borrowing costs was determined to be the point at which the Araguaia Project moved forwards with undertaking an exercise of value engineering to get the project construction ready. This was deemed by management to be at the start of 2020. 5 Segmental reporting The Group operates principally in the UK and Brazil, with operations managed on a project by project basis within each geographical area. Activities in the UK are mainly administrative in nature whilst the activities in Brazil relate to exploration and evaluation work. The separate subsidiary responsible for the project finance for the Araguaia Project is domiciled in the Netherlands. The operations of this entity are reported separately and so it is recognised as a new segment. The reports used by the chief operating decision-maker are based on these geographical segments. 2020UK 2020 £Brazil 2020 £Netherlands2020£Total 2020£Intragroup sales219,844 (219,884)- – Administrative expenses(2,488,200)(292,492)(169,044)(2,949,738)Profit/(loss) on foreign exchange1,491,281 (547,877)(192,091)751,313 Loss from operations per reportable segment(777,073)(1,218,233)(361,135)(2,198,423)Finance income236,986 – – 236,986 Finance costs- – – – Changes in estimate for contingent and deferred consideration- – – – Fair value movement- – (424,500)(424,500)Loss before taxation(540,089)(1,218,233)(785,635)(2,385,937)Depreciation charges- – – – Additions to non-current assets- 4,017,419 – 4,017,419 Capitalisation of borrowing costs- 2,100,521 – 2,100,521 Reportable segment assets5,405,150 42,658,016 1,960,308 50,023,475 Reportable segment non-current assets- 37,060,819 – 37,060,819 Reportable segment liabilities5,927,122 346,127 22,059,443 28,377,692 2019UK 2019 £Brazil 2019 £Netherlands2019£ Intragroup sales171,712 (171,712)- – Administrative expenses(1,840,348)(723,532)- (2,563,880)Loss on foreign exchange6,796 (78,843)15,782 (56,266)Loss from operations per reportable segment(1,833,552)(802,376)15,782 (2,620,146)Finance income78,420 31,616 – 110,036 Finance costs(344,953)- (588,398)(933,351)Share based payment charge(326,413)- – (326,413)Changes in estimate for contingent and deferred consideration598,660 – – 598,660 Fair value movement- – – – Loss before taxation(1,827,838)(770,760)(572,616)(3,171,214)Depreciation charges- – – – Additions to non-current assets- 3,595,775 – 3,595,775 Reportable segment assets17,785,624 39,428,141 2,246,089 59,459,854 Reportable segment non-current assets- 39,317,989 – 39,317,989 Reportable segment liabilities6,572,952 569,434 20,925,425 28,067,791 Inter segment revenues are calculated and recorded in accordance with the underlying intra group service agreements. A reconciliation of adjusted loss from operations per reportable segment to loss before tax is provided as follows: 2020£2019 £Loss from operations per reportable segment(2,198,423)(2,620,146)Changes in estimate for contingent and deferred consideration (refer note 17)- 598,660 Charge for share options granted- (326,413)Fair value movement on derivative(424,500)- Finance income236,986 110,036 Finance costs- (933,351)Tax credit/(charge)108,526 – Loss for the year from continuing operations(2,277,411)(3,171,214) An analysis of non current assets by geographic region is shown below: 20202019Group££Netherlands2,334,039-Isle of Man15,151,088-Brazil19,575,69239,317,989Total37,060,81939,317,989 This has been presented following the restructuring of the group to include closure of two subsidiaries that are no longer required and the transfer of some project related assets and intercompany loans within the group. 6 Expenses by nature 20202019Group££Employment related costs1,067,0471,070,636Professional fees1,093,299615,579Exploration costs expensed343,695723,628Other445,695154,037Total Administrative expenses2,949,7362,563,880Charge for share options granted—326,413Depreciation (note 11)—— 7 Auditor remuneration During the year the Group (including its overseas subsidiaries) obtained the following services from the Company’s auditor and its associates: Group2020£2019£Fees payable to the Company’s auditor and its associates for the audit of the parent company and consolidated financial statements64,70047,300Fees payable to the Company’s auditor and its associates for other services:– Audit of subsidiaries10,0007,000– Audit related assurance services35,000-–Tax compliance services35,24448,563 8 Finance income and costs Group2020£2019£Finance income: – Interest income on cash and short-term bank deposits151,459 110,036 Finance costs: – Contingent consideration: unwinding of discount(445,066)(344,953)– Contingent consideration: change in estimates764,109 – Amortisation of royalty financing(3,244,873)(572,294)– Adjustment of royalty financing from change in estimates910,834 (91,476)– movement in fair value of derivative asset- 75,372 Total finance costs(1,863,537)(933,351)Less finance costs capitalised2,100,521 Net finance income236,986 (823,315) Interest costs that are directly attributable to the development of a qualifying asset have been capitalised. This represents 100% of the interest on the financing obtained for the Araguaia project, and is a capitalisation rate of 14.5%. 9 Income Tax Group2020£2019£Tax charge: Current tax charge for the year(51,071)—Deferred tax credit for the year159,597 —Tax on loss for the year108,526 — Reconciliation of current tax Group2020£2019£Loss before income tax(2,385,936)(3,171,214)Current tax at 19% (2019: 19%)(453,328)(602,530)Effects of: Expenses not deducted for tax purposes255,888 281,391 Utilisation of tax losses brought forward— — Tax losses carried forward for which no deferred income tax asset was recognised83,060 473,130 Prior year adjustment(51,071) Effect of higher overseas tax rates114,380 (88,990)Total tax(51,071)— No tax charge or credit arises on the loss for the year. The corporation tax rate in Brazil is 34%, the Netherlands 21% and the United Kingdom 19%. The group incurred expenses in all of these jurisdictions during the year, in 2019 and 2020 the effective rate was 19% as all of the losses arose in the UK. Deferred income tax An analysis of deferred tax assets and liabilities is set out below. Group2020£2019£Deferred tax assets 1,624,8911,412,509 Deferred tax liabilities – Deferred tax liability to be settled after more than 12 months1,624,8911,624,891 Deferred tax liabilities (net)-(212,382) The movement on the net deferred tax liabilities is as follows: Group2020£2019£At 1 January(212,382)(228,691)Exchange differences52,785 16,309 Adjustment to Deferred tax159,597 – At 31 December- (212,382) Deferred tax assets are recognised on tax losses carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through future taxable profits is probable. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised in respect of fair value adjustments to the carrying value of intangible assets as a result of the acquisition of such assets. The Group has tax losses of approximately £17,603,004 (2019: £16,810,975) in Brazil and excess management charges of approximately £2,288,011 (2019: £1,188,011) in the UK available to carry forward against future taxable profits. Deferred tax assets have been recognised up to the amount of the deferred tax liability arising on the fair value adjustments. Potential deferred tax assets of £6,419,743 (2019: £5,941,453) have not been recognised. Tax losses are available indefinitely. 10 Intangible assets Intangible assets comprise exploration licenses, exploration and evaluation costs and goodwill. Exploration and evaluation costs comprise acquired and internally generated assets. GroupGoodwill £ExplorationLicenses £Exploration and evaluation costs £Total £Cost At 1 January 2019226,757 6,130,296 29,380,849 35,737,903 Transfer to PPE- (3,483,363)(29,808,123)(33,291,486)Additions- 3,324,005 2,604,911 5,928,916 Exchange rate movements(16,172)(813,572)(488,143)(1,317,887)Net book amount at 31 December 2019210,585 5,157,366 1,689,495 7,057,446 Additions- – – – Exchange rate movements(52,337)(151,785)(632,451)(836,574)Net book amount at 31 December 2020158,248 5,005,581 1,057,043 6,220,872 (a) Exploration and evaluation assets The exploration and evaluation costs are split between Vermelho as follows: Exploration licences £Explorationand evaluation costs £Total £Vermelho Net book amount at 31 December 20195,157,3661,689,4956,846,860Net book amount at 31 December 20205,005,5811,057,0436,062,624 No indicators of impairment were identified during the year for the Vermelho project. Vermelho In January 2018, the acquisition of the Vermelho project was completed, which resulted in a deferred consideration of $1,850,000 being recognised and accordingly an amount of £1,245,111 was capitalised to the exploration licences held within intangible assets shown above. On 17 October the Group published the results of a Pre-Feasibility Study (“PFS”) on the Vermelho Nickel Cobalt Project, which confirms Vermelho as a large, high-grade resource, with a long mine life and low-cost source of nickel sulphate for the battery industry. The economic and technical results from the study support further development of the project towards a full Feasibility Study and included the following: A 38-year mine life estimated to generate total cash flows after taxation of US$7.3billion;An estimated Base Case post-tax Net Present Value1 (‘NPV’) of US$1.7 billion and Internal Rate of Return (‘IRR’) of 26%;At full production capacity the Project is expected to produce an average of 25,000 tonnes of nickel and 1,250 tonnes of cobalt per annum utilising the High-Pressure Acid Leach process;The base case PFS economics assume a flat nickel price of US$16,400 per tonne (‘/t’) for the 38-year mine life;C1 (Brook Hunt) cash cost of US$8,020/t Ni (US$3.64/lb Ni), defines Vermelho as a low-cost producer; andInitial Capital Cost estimate is US$652 million (AACE class 4). Nothing has materially deteriorated with the economics of the PFS between the publication date and the date of this report and the Directors undertook an assessment of impairment through evaluating the results of the PFS along with recent market information relating to capital markets and nickel prices and judged that there are no impairment indicators with regards to the Vermelho Project. Nickel prices remain higher than they were at the time of the publication of the PFS and overall sentiment towards battery metals and supply materials have grown more positive over the current year. The BRL has depreciated during the year which could have a positive impact on economics of the project as the revenue is denominated in USD with a significant portion of the costs and capital expenditure denominated in BRL. It has been therefore concluded there are no indicators if impairment. (b) Goodwill Goodwill arose on the acquisition of Lontra Empreendimentos e Participações Ltda in 2010 but following the closure of Lontra during the year the assets and allocated good will were transferred to another group company. The Directors have determined the recoverable amount of goodwill based on the same assumptions used for the assessment of the Araguaia project detailed below. As a result of this assessment, the Directors have concluded that no impairment charge is necessary against the carrying value of goodwill. 11 Property, plant and equipment GroupMine Development Property£Vehicles and other field equipment £Office equipment £Land acquisition£Total £Cost At 31 December 2018— 106,722 14,424 —121,146 Foreign exchange movements(1,270,126)— — —(1,270,126)Transfer from exploration and evaluation assets133,291,486 33,291,486 Additions238,701 — — —238,701 At 31 December 201932,260,061 106,722 14,424 —32,381,207 Foreign exchange movements(7,662,503)(25,162)(13,052)—(7,700,717)Disposals— (5,806)- —(5,806)Interest capitalised2,100,521 — — —2,100,521 Additions4,008,719 1,234 55,989 87,2574,153,199 At 31 December 202030,706,798 76,988 57,361 87,25730,928,404 Accumulated depreciation At 31 December 2018— 105,536 14,424 —119,960 Charge for the year— 703 — —703 Foreign exchange movements— — — —— At 31 December 2019— 106,239 14,424 —120,663 Foreign exchange movements- (16,959)(8,399)—(25,358)Disposals— (38,224)- —(38,224)Charge for the year— 6,121 25,275 —31,396 At 31 December 2020— 57,177 31,300 —88,477 Net book amount as at 31 December 202030,706,818 19,811 26,061 87,25730,839,947 Net book amount as at 31 December 201932,260,061 483 – 32,260,544 Net book amount as at 1 January 2019— 1,186 — 1,186 1Following determination of the technical feasibility and commercial viability of the Araguaia Ferronickel Project, the relevant expenditure has been transferred from exploration and evaluation assets to evaluated mineral property Depreciation of £31,396 (2019: £703) has been capitalised and included within mine development asset additions for the year. The remaining depreciation expense for the year ended 31 December 2020 of £nil (2019: £nil) has been charged in ‘administrative expenses’ under ‘Depreciation.’ In December 2018, a Canadian NI 43-101 compliant Feasibility Study (“FS’) was published by the Company regarding the enlarged Araguaia Project which included the Vale dos Sonhos deposit acquired from Glencore. The financial results and conclusions of the FS clearly indicate the economic viability of the Araguaia Project with an NPV of $401M using a nickel price of $14,000/t Ni. Nothing material had changed with the economics of the FS between the publication date and the date of this report and the Directors undertook an assessment of impairment through evaluating the results of the FS along with recent market information relating to capital markets and nickel prices and judged that there are no impairment indicators with regards to the Araguaia Project. Impairment assessments for exploration and evaluation assets are carried out either on a project by project basis or by geographical area. The adjacent Araguaia/Lontra/Vila Oito and Floresta exploration sites (‘the Araguaia Project’), together with the Vale dos Sonhos deposit acquired from Xstrata Brasil Mineração Ltda comprise a resource of a sufficient size and scale to allow the Company to create a significant single nickel project. For this reason, at the current stage of development, these two projects are viewed and assessed for impairment by management as a single cash generating unit. The mineral concession for the Vale dos Sonhos deposit was acquired from Xstrata Brasil Mineração Ltda, a subsidiary of Glencore Canada Corporation, in November 2015. The NPV has been determined by reference to the FS undertaken on the Araguaia Project. The key inputs and assumptions in deriving the value in use were, the discount rate of 8%, which is based upon an estimate of the risk adjusted cost of capital for the jurisdiction, capital costs of $443 million, operating costs of $8,194/t Nickel, a Nickel price of US$14,000/t and a life of mine of 28 years. Sensitivity to changes in assumptions For the base case NPV8 of the Araguaia Project of US$401 million using a nickel price of US$14,000/t and US$740 million using US$16,800/t as per the FS to be reduced to the book value of the Araguaia Project as at 31 December 2019, the discount rate applied to the cash flow model would need to be increased from 8% to 17%. 12 Cash and cash equivalents GroupCompany 2020 £2019 £2020 £2019 £Cash at bank and on hand6,756,2552,219,8501,129,6461,854,329Short-term deposits4,179,30815,540,4804,179,30815,540,480 10,935,56317,760,3305,308,95417,394,809 The Group’s cash at bank and short-term deposits are held with institutions with the following credit ratings: GroupCompany 2020£2019£2020£2019£A+5,264,882-5,251,913-A245,51717,338,016-17,338,016AAA4,522,146—BAA57,041-57,041-BB735,807—BBB–422,314-56,793NA110,080—Total credit exposure10,935,56317,760,3305,308,95417,394,809 The cash deposited with the institution with no credit rating is only held short term and the expected credit loss is not assessed as material. 13 Share capital Group and Company2020Number2020£2019Number2019£Issued and fully paid Ordinary shares of 1p each At 1 January1,446,377,28714,463,7731,432,521,80014,325,218Issue of ordinary shares3,000,00030,00013,855,487138,555At 31 December1,449,377,28714,493,7731,446,377,28714,463,773 Share capital comprises amount subscribed for shares at the nominal value. 2020 On 3 September 2020 the Group issued 3,000,000 new ordinary shares at a price of 3.1 pence per share in relation to the exercise of options by an employee of the Company. 2019 On 24 January 2019 the Company issued 13,855,487 as settlement for $330,000 of deferred contingent consideration that became payable following the issuance of a Feasibility Study including the Vale dos Sonhos deposit originally acquired from Glencore. 14 Share premium Group and Company2020£2019£At 1 January41,785,30641,664,018Premium arising on issue of ordinary shares63,000121,288Issue costs–At 31 December41,848,30641,785,306 Share premium comprises the amount subscribed for share capital in excess of nominal value. 15 Share-based payments The Directors have discretion to grant options to the Group employees to subscribe for Ordinary shares up to a maximum of 10% of the Company’s issued share capital. One third of options are exercisable at each six months anniversary from the date of grant, such that all options are exercisable 18 months after the date of grant and all lapse on the tenth anniversary of the date of grant or the holder ceasing to be an employee of the Group. Should holders cease employment then the options remain valid for a period of 3 months after cessation of employment, following which they will lapse. Neither the Company nor the Group has any legal or constructive obligation to settle or repurchase the options in cash. Movements on number of share options and their related exercise price are as follows: Number of options 2020Weightedaverage exercise price 2020£Number of options 2019Weightedaverage exercise price 2019£Outstanding at 1 January136,300,000 0.055134,300,0000.056Forfeited(7,950,000)0.140–Exercised(3,000,000)0.031–Granted- -2,000,0000.048Outstanding at 31 December125,350,000 0.051136,300,0000.055Exercisable at 31 December125,350,000 0.051134,966,6670.055 The options outstanding at 31 December 2020 had a weighted average remaining contractual life of 5.80 years (2019: 6.38 years). The fair value of the share options was determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model. The parameters used are detailed below for options issued during 2019, no new options were issued during 2020. Group and Company 2019optionsDate of grant 11/02/2019Weighted average share price 2.29 penceWeighted average exercise price 4.80 penceWeighted average fair value at the measurement date 1.05 penceExpiry date 11/2/2029Options granted 2,000,000 Volatility 51%Dividend yield NilOption life 10 yearsAnnual risk free interest rate 1.22% The expected volatility is based on historical volatility for the six months prior to the date of grant. The risk free rate of return is based on zero yield government bonds for a term consistent with the option life. The range of option exercise prices is as follows: Range of exercise prices (£)2020 Weighted average exercise price (£)2020 Number of shares2020 Weighted average remaining life expected (years)2020 Weighted average remaining life contracted (years)2019 Weighted average exercise price (£)2019 Number of shares2019 Weighted average remaining life expected (years)2019 Weighted average remaining life contracted (years)0–0.10.042115,700,0006.216.210.04121,150,0007.027.020.1–0.20.1549,650,0000.930.930.1615,150,0001.551.55 16 Other reserves MergerTranslationOther reservereservereserveTotalGroup ££££At 1 January 2019 10,888,760(11,880,652)(1,048,100)(2,039,991)Other comprehensive income —— — — Currency translation differences —(2,626,938)— (2,626,938)At 31 December 2019 10,888,760(14,507,590)(1,048,100)(4,666,930)Other comprehensive income —— — — Currency translation differences —(8,151,944)— (8,151,994)At 31 December 2020 10,888,760(22,659,534)(1,048,100)(12,818,874) CompanyMerger reserve £Total £At 1 January 2019 and 31 December 201910,888,76010,888,760At 1 January 2020 and 31 December 202010,888,76010,888,760 Other reserve The other reserve arose on consolidation as a result of merger accounting for the acquisition of the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited during 2006 and represents the difference between the value of the share capital and premium issued for the acquisition and that of the acquired share capital and premium of Horizonte Exploration Limited. Merger Reserve During the year ended 31 December 2010 the Company acquired 100% of Teck Cominco Brasil S.A and Lontra Empreendimentos e Participações Ltda (refer note 5). These acquisitions were effected by the issue of shares in Horizonte Minerals plc. These shares qualified for merger relief under section 612 of the Companies Act 2006. In accordance with section 612 of the Companies Act 2006 the premium on the shares issued was recognised in a separate reserve within equity called merger reserve. Currency translation differences relate to the translation of Group entities that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency (refer note 2.8). Movements in the translation reserve are linked to the changes in the value of the Brazilian Real against the Pound Sterling: the intangible assets of the Group are located in Brazil, and their functional currency is the Brazilian Real, which decreased in value against Sterling during the year. 17 Trade and other payables GroupCompany 2020201920202019 ££££Non-current Contingent consideration payable to: Xstrata Brasil Mineração Ltda2,893,8772,975,9352,893,8772,975,935Vale Metais Basicoc S.A.3,033,1483,270,1343,033,1483,270,134Total contingent consideration5,927,0256,246,0695,927,0256,246,069Current Trade and other payables304,461538,933123,657176,588Amounts due to related parties (refer note 22)–413,930413,930Social security and other taxes83,20330,00031,82230,000Accrued expenses244,743115,000124,700115,000 632,407683,933694,109735,518Total trade and other payables6,559,4326,930,0026,621,1346,981,587 Contingent Consideration payable to Xstrata Brasil Mineração Ltda On 28 September 2015 the Company announced that it had reached agreement to indirectly acquire through wholly owned subsidiaries in Brazil the advanced high-grade Glencore Araguaia nickel project (‘GAP’) in north central Brazil. GAP is located in the vicinity of the Company’s Araguaia Project. Pursuant to a conditional asset purchase agreement (‘Asset Purchase Agreement’) between, amongst others, the Company and Xstrata Brasil Exploraçâo Mineral Ltda (‘Xstrata’), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Glencore Canada Corporation (‘Glencore’), the Company has agreed to pay a total consideration of US$8 million to Xstrata, which holds the title to GAP. The consideration is to be paid according the following schedule; US$2,000,000 in ordinary shares in the capital of the Company which was settled by way of issuing new shares in the Company as follows: US$660,000 was paid in shares to a subsidiary of Glencore during 2015 and the transfer of the Serra do Tapa and Pau Preto deposit areas (together: ‘SdT’) during 2016 initiated the final completion of the transaction with a further US$1,340,000 shares in the Company issued.US$1,000,000 after the date of issuance of a joint Feasibility Study for the combined Araguaia & GAP project areas, to be satisfied in HZM Shares (at the 5 day volume weighted average price taken on the tenth business day after the date of such issuance) or cash, at the election of the Company. Of this $330,000 is due upon the inclusion of Vale dos Sonhos in a Feasibility Study and $670,000 for Serra do Tapa, during 2018 a Feasibility Study including Vale dos Sonhos was published and the consideration settled by way of issuing 13,855,487 new Shares in the Company occurred during 2019. Serra do Tapa is not included in the current project plans, therefore management have concluded it’s not currently probable that the consideration for Serra do Tapa will be paid. This consideration is therefore not included in contingent consideration; andThe remaining US$5,000,000 consideration will be paid in cash, as at the date of first commercial production from any of the resource areas within the Enlarged Project area. Following transfer of the concession for the VdS deposit area to a subsidiary of the Company, this has been included in contingent consideration payable. Contingent consideration payable to Vale S.A On 19 December 2017 the Company announced that it had reached agreement with Vale S.A (“Vale”) to indirectly acquire through wholly owned subsidiaries in Brazil, 100% of the advanced Vermelho nickel-cobalt project in Brazil (“Vermelho”).The terms of the Acquisition required Horizonte to pay an initial cash payment of US$150,000 with a further US$1,850,000 in cash payable on the second anniversary of the signing of the asset purchase agreement. This was paid by the Group in December 2019 and is no longer included in deferred consideration.A final payment of US$6,000,000 in cash is payable by Horizonte within 30 days of first commercial sale of product from Vermelho. Management have assessed that with the publication of the Pre-Feasibility Study during 2019 for the Vermelho project, there is a reasonable probability that the project will advance through to production and therefore have recognised this contingent consideration within liabilities for the first time during the year. The critical assumptions underlying the treatment of the contingent consideration are set out in note [4.2]. As at 31 December 2020, there was a finance expense of £231,780 (2019: £344,952) recognised in finance costs within the Statement of Comprehensive Income in respect of the contingent and deferred consideration arrangements, as the discount applied to the consideration at the date of acquisition was unwound. Contingent consideration £Deferred consideration £Total £At 1 January 20193,461,833 1,360,792 4,822,626 Initial recognition – Vale3,324,004 – 3,324,004 Unwinding of discount253,439 91,513 344,952 Change in estimate(534,201)(64,459)(598,660)Settlement of consideration(259,006)(1,387,846)(1,646,852)At 31 December 20196,246,069 – 6,246,069 Unwinding of discount445,065 – 445,065 Change in estimate(764,109)- (764,109)At 31 December 20205,927,025 – 5,927,025 The change in estimate during 2020 relates revisions to the estimated payment date of both considerations as a result of the start date of production being extended. Slightly offsetting this is the result of adverse movements in foreign exchange rates as both of the Contingent consideration amount payable are denominated in USD and the GBP/USD exchange rate fell during the year. 18 a) Royalty financing liability On 29 August 2019 the Group entered into a royalty funding arrangement with Orion Mine Finance (“OMF”) securing a gross upfront payment of $25,000,000 before fees in exchange for a royalty, the rate being in a range from 2.25% to 3.00% and determined by the date of funding and commencement of major construction. At inception of the loan the rate was estimated at 2.45% and at the year end the rate has been estimated at 2.65%. The royalty is paid over the first 426k tonnes of nickel produced from the Araguaia Ferronickel project. The Royalty agreement has certain provisions to increase the headline royalty rate should there be delays in securing project financing beyond a pre agreed timeframe. The royalty is linked to production and therefore does not become payable until the project is constructed and commences commercial production. The agreement contains certain embedded derivatives which as per IFRS9 have been separately valued and included in the fair value of the financial instrument in note 18 b). The Royalty liability has initially been recognised using the amortised cost basis using the effective interest rate of 14.5%. When circumstances arise that lead to payments due under the agreement being revised, the group adjusts the carrying amount of the financial liability to reflect the revised estimated cash flows. This is achieved by recalculating the present value of estimated cash flows using the original effective interest rate of 14.5%. any adjustment to the carrying value is recognised in the income statement. £Initial recognition of Royalty 19,379,845 Fees (1,138,640)Fair value of embedded derivative on initial recognition 2,232,558 Unwinding of discount 572,294 Change in carrying value 91,476 Effects of foreign exchange (567,122)Value as at 31 December 2019 20,570,411 Unwinding of discount 3,244,873 Change in carrying value (910,834)Effects of foreign exchange (851,109)Value as at 31 December 2020 22,053,341 Management have sensitised the carrying value of the royalty liability by an increase/decrease in the royalty rate of 0.1% and it would be £832,201 higher/lower and for a $1,000/t Ni increase/decrease in future nickel price the carrying value would increase/decrease by £1,408,077. b) Derivative financial asset The aforementioned agreement includes several options embedded within the agreement as follows: If there is a change of control of the Group and the start of major construction works (as defined by the expenditure of in excess of $30m above the expenditure envisaged by the royalty funding) is delayed beyond a certain pre agreed timeframe the following options exist: Call Option – which grants Horizonte the option to buy back between 50 – 100% of the royalty at a valuation that meets certain minimum economic returns for OMF;Make Whole Option – which grants Horizonte the option to make payment as if the project had started commercial production and the royalty payment were due; andPut Option – should Horizonte not elect for either of the above options, this put option grants OMF the right to sell between 50 – 100% of the Royalty back to Horizonte at a valuation that meets certain minimum economic returns for OMF. Buy Back Option – At any time from the date of commercial production, provided that neither the Call Option, Make Whole Option or the Put Option have been actioned, Horizonte has the right to buy back up to 50% of the Royalty at a valuation that meets certain minimum economic returns for OMF. The directors have undertaken a review of the fair value of all of the embedded derivatives and are of the opinion that the Call Option, Make Whole Option and Put Option currently have immaterial values as the probability of both a change of control and project delay are currently considered to be remote. There is considered to be a higher probability that the Group could in the future exercise the Buy Back Option and therefore has undertaken a fair value exercise on this option. The initial recognition of the Buy Back Option has been recognised as an asset on the balance sheet with any changes to the fair value of the derivative recognised in the income statement. It been fair valued using a Monte Carlo simulation which runs a high number of scenarios in order to derive an estimated valuation. The assumptions for the valuation of the Buy Back Option are the future nickel price ($16,191/t Ni), the start date of commercial production (2024), the prevailing royalty rate (2.65%), the inflation rate (1.5%) and volatility of nickel prices (22.6%). 2019 £ Initial recognition of derivative 2,232,558 Change in fair value 75,372 Effects of foreign exchange (61,121)Value as at 31 December 2019 2,246,809 Change in fair value (424,500)Effects of foreign exchange (65,756)Value as at 31 December 2020 1,756,553 Sensitivity analysis The valuation of the Buyback option is most sensitive to estimates for nickel price, nickel price volatility, royalty rate as well as the production rate. If the royalty rate is increased to 2.75% then the fair value would increase to $2,780,000 and if production reached 80% of the target capacity then the fair value would decrease to $930,000. The nickel price volatilities based on both 5 and 10 year historic prices are in close proximity and this is the period in which management consider that the option would be exercised. Therefore, management have concluded that currently no reasonably possible alternative assumption for this estimate would give rise to a material impact on the valuation. 19 Note to statement of cash flows Below is a reconciliation of borrowings from financial transactions: Royalty FinancingDerivative assetTotal £££As at 1 January 2019 – – – Cashflows Gross proceeds 19,379,845 – 19,379,845 Fees (1,138,640)- (1,138,640)Non cash flows: Fair value of embedded derivative on initial recognition 2,232,558 (2,232,558)- Unwinding of discount 572,294 – 572,294 Change in fair value 91,476 (75,372)16,104 Effects of foreign exchange (567,122)61,121 (506,001)Total non-current borrowings 31 December 2019 20,570,411 (2,246,809)18,323,602 Unwinding of discount 3,244,873 – 3,244,873 Change in fair value (910,834)424,500 (486,334)Effects of foreign exchange (851,109)65,756 (785,353)Total non-current borrowings 31 December 2020 22,053,341 1,756,553 20,296,788 20 Dividends No dividend has been declared or paid by the Company during the year ended 31 December 2020 (2019: nil). 21 Earnings per share (a) Basic The basic loss per share of 0.157p loss per share (2019 loss per share: 0.219p) is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to owners of the parent by the weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year. 2020 2019 Group£ £ Loss attributable to owners of the parent(2,277,411)(3,171,214)Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue1,447,323,588 1,445,504,202 (b) Diluted The basic and diluted loss per share for the years ended 31 December 2020 and 31 December 2019 are the same as the current year result for the year was a loss, the options and warrants outstanding would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the dilutive loss per share is considered as the same as the basic loss per shares. On 3 September 2020 the Group issued 3,000,000 new ordinary shares at a price of 3.1 pence per share in relation to the exercise of options by an employee of the Company. In January 2019 the Group issued a further 13,855,487 new ordinary shares at a price of 1.875 pence per share in settlement for deferred contingent consideration due to Glencore, had this occurred prior to the end of the year this would have impacted the basic and diluted earnings per share figures. Details of share options that could potentially dilute earnings per share in future periods are set out in note 15. 22 Related party transactions The following transactions took place with subsidiaries in the year: A fee totalling £nil (2019: £474,782 was charged to HM do Brazil Ltda, £nil (2019: £1,950,790) to Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda and £nil (2019: £120,197) to Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda by Horizonte Minerals Plc in respect of consultancy services provided and funding costs. Amounts totalling £5,464,842 (2019: £2,545,769 ) were lent to HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd, Horizonte Nickel IOM Ltd, HM do Brasil Ltda, Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda and Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda to finance exploration work during 2020, by Horizonte Minerals Plc. No Interest is charged on balances outstanding during the year. The amounts are repayable on demand. See note 27 for balances with subsidiaries at the year end. All Group transactions were eliminated on consolidation. 23 Ultimate controlling party The Directors believe there to be no ultimate controlling party. 24 Directors’ remuneration (including Key Management) Short term benefits Post employment benefits Cost to CompanyNon-Cash Aggregate emolumentsOtherEmoluments1PensioncostsTotalSocial Security costsShare Based Payment ChargeGrand TotalGroup 2020£££££££Non-Executive Directors Sepanta Dorri———————David Hall38,00036,250—74,2504,031—78,281William Fisher16,85037,000—53,850——53,850Allan Walker47,50032,513—80,0139,829—89,842Owen Bavinton42,09232,51325,605100,2109,083—109,293Executive Directors — Jeremy Martin252,000181,283—433,28358,580—491,863Key Management — Simon Retter195,000139,3383,000337,33839,921—377,259 591,442458,89728,6051,078,944121,444—1,200,388 1Denotes amounts payable for annual performance related bonuses Short term benefits Post employment benefits Cost to CompanyNon-Cash Aggregate emolumentsOtheremolumentsPensioncostsTotalSocial Security costsShare Based Payment ChargeGrand TotalGroup 2019£££££££Non-Executive Directors Alexander Christopher———————David Hall30,23432,5001—62,8242,98134,224100,029William Fisher26,40032,5001—58,900—29,94688,846Allan Walker30,35932,5001—62,8597,48329,946100,288Owen Bavinton31,043—39,39670,4391,69629,946102,081Executive Directors Jeremy Martin231,130200,000116,662447,79251,40568,448567,645Key Management Simon Retter155,64094,164212,000261,80420,29534,224316,323 504,896391,66468,058964,61883,860226,7351,275,212 1 Denotes bonuses paid regarding a long term incentive plan related to the successful publication of a Feasibility Study for Araguaia, Pre-Feasibility Study for Vermelho and closure of $25m royalty funding arrangement with OMF. 2 Includes £65,000 bonus paid regarding a long term incentive plan related to the successful publication of a Feasibility Study for Araguaia, Pre-Feasibility Study for Vermelho and closure of $25m royalty funding arrangement with OMF. There are no other long term or termination benefits granted to key management. The Company does not operate a pension scheme. Pension costs comprise contributions to Defined Contribution pension plans held by the relevant Director or Key Management. 25 Employee benefit expense (including Directors and Key Management) Group Company 2020201920202019Group££££Wages and salaries2,180,2831,856,8641,384,1261,220,693Social security costs269,069254,503161,157125,626Indemnity for loss of office1,31516,865–Share options granted to Directors and employees (note 15)-326,413-326,413 2,450,6672,454,6451,545,2831,672,732 Management131088Field staff2418–Average number of employees including Directors and Key Management372888 Employee benefit expenses includes £1,110,358 (2019: £892,500) of costs capitalised and included within the Mine Development Property. Share options granted include costs of £nill (2019: £192,511) relating to Directors. 26 Investments in subsidiaries 20202019Company££Shares in Group undertakings2,348,1422,348,042 2,348,1422,348,042 Investments in Group undertakings are stated at cost. On 23 March 2006 the Company acquired the entire issued share capital of Horizonte Exploration Limited by means of a share for share exchange; the consideration for the acquisition was 21,841,000 ordinary shares of 1 penny each, issued at a premium of 9 pence per share. The difference between the total consideration and the assets acquired has been credited to other reserves. 27 Loans to subsidiaries Balances with subsidiaries at the year end were: 20202019 AssetsAssetsCompany ££HM do Brasil Ltda -944,928HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd 6,297,9613,149,326Horizonte Nickel (IOM) Ltd 53,530,30035,641,959Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda -10,244,040Horizonte Minerals (IOM) Ltd 253,004253,004Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda -4,378,487Trias Brasil Mineração Ltda -801,403Champol (IOM) Ltd 4,610,891-Total 64,692,15655,413,147 The loans to Group undertakings are repayable on demand and currently carry no interest, however there is currently no expectation of repayment within the next twelve months and therefore loans are treated as non-current. During the year Typhon was closed down and the intercompany loan and assets was transferred to another group company. In addition the Group undertook a restructure resulting in a transfer of some other intercompany loan balances between various group entities. The result of this restructure has been set out in the table below in addition to the other changes to the loan balances. 1 January 2019Amounts advanced during yearExpected credit loss 2019TransfersAmounts advanced during yearExpected credit loss 2020Company££££££££HM do Brasil Ltda883,909122,038(61,019)944,928(2,173,475)283,619944,928 -HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd3,021,172256,308(128,154)3,149,3262,173,473 524,962450,200 6,297,961Horizonte Nickel (IOM) Ltd33,145,9342,496,025- 35,641,95917,409,339 479,992- 53,530,290Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda9,747,742496,298- 10,244,040(11,434,152)1,190,112- -Horizonte Minerals (IOM) Ltd253,004– 253,004- — 253,004Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda1,625,0873,004,807(251,407)4,378,487(7,967,759)1,712,7771,876,495 -Trias Brasil Mineração Ltda—– -(1,012,620)-1,012,620 -Champol (IOM) Ltd—– -4,150,055 1,274,283(813,447)4,610,891Cluny (IOM) Ltd801,403– 801,403(1,144,861)-343,458 -Total49,478,2516,375,476(440,580)55,413,147- 5,464,7453,814,254 64,692,156 The Gross and net intercompany loan position following the expected credit loss as each year end is set out below: 2020 2019 Gross LoanExpected credit loss Net LoanGross LoanExpected credit loss Net LoanCompany££££££HM do Brasil Ltda– -1,889,856(944,928)944,928HM Brazil (IOM) Ltd8,997,087(2,699,126)6,297,9616,298,652(3,149,326)3,149,326Horizonte Nickel (IOM) Ltd53,530,300- 53,530,30035,641,959- 35,641,959Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda– -10,244,040- 10,244,040Horizonte Minerals (IOM) Ltd253,004- 253,004253,004- 253,004Typhon Brasil Mineração Ltda– -6,254,982(1,876,495)4,378,487Trias Brasil Mineração Ltda– -1,012,620(1,012,620)-Champol (IOM) Ltd5,424,578(813,687)4,610,891240(240)-Cluny (IOM) Ltd– -1,144,861(343,458)801,403Total68,204,969(3,512,813)64,692,15662,740,214(7,327,067)55,413,147 Impairment provisions for receivables and loans to related parties are recognised based on using the general approach to determine if there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition and whether the receivables and loans are credit impaired in accordance with IFRS9. The loan to the subsidiary companies, are classified as repayable on demand. IFRS 9 requires consideration of the expected credit risk associated with the loans. As the subsidiary companies do not have any liquid assets to sell to repay the loan, should it be recalled, the conclusion reached was that the loan should be categorised as credit impaired. As part of the assessment of expected credit losses of the intercompany loan receivable, the Directors have assessed the cash flows associated with a number of different recovery scenarios. This included consideration of the: exploration and development project risk,positive NPV of the Araguaia project as demonstrated by the Feasibility Studypositive NPV of the Vermelho Nickel Cobalt Project demonstrated by the Pre-Feasibility Studyability to raise the finance to develop the projectsability to sell the projectsmarket and technical risks relating to the projectsparticipation of the subsidiaries in the Araguaia project The directors have concluded that certain amounts may not be fully recovered giving rise to the expected credit loss adjustment. After taking into consideration all of the above factors the rate of expected credit loss varies from 0% (2019: 0%) for the Araguaia project, to 30% (2019: 50%) for the receivables from HM Brazil and 15% (2019: 30%) for the Vermelho Project. The reduction in expected credit loss assessment for HM Brazil is due Araguaia’s the further progress towards development and continuing improving prospects for Vermelho. The credit loss allowance was assessed at the date of 31 December 2020. 28 Commitments Capital expenditure contracted for at the end of the reporting period but not yet incurred is as follows: 20202019Group££Mine Development Property7,314,000— The Company has conditional capital commitments totalling £7.3 million ($10m) relating to certain items of plant and equipment. These commitments remain subject to a number of conditions precedent which have not been met at the date of this report. $1.5m of the purchase will be payable upon completion with the remaining amounts payable over future periods with $5m payable after commencement of sales by the Araguaia project. $1.5m of the purchase will be payable upon completion with the remaining amounts payable over future periods with $5m payable after commencement of sales by the Araguaia project. 29 Contingent Liabilities Other Contingencies The Group has received a claim from various trade union organisations in Brazil regarding outstanding membership fees due in relation to various subsidiaries within the Group. Some of these claims relate to periods prior to the acquisition of the relevant subsidiary and would be covered by warranties granted by the previous owners at the date of sale. The Directors are confident that no amounts are due in relation to these proposed membership fees and that the claims will be unsuccessful. No subsequent actions, claims or communications from the various trade union organisations have been received subsequent to the requests for payment. As a result, no provision has been made in the Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2020 for amounts claimed. Should the claim be successful, the maximum amount payable in relation to fees not subject to the warranty agreement would be approximately £64,000. In December 2014, the Group received a writ from the State Attorney in Conceição do Araguaia regarding alleged environmental damages caused by drilling activities in 2011. To ensure proper environmental stewardship, the Group conducts certified baseline studies prior to all drill programmes and ensures that areas explored are properly maintained and conserved in accordance with local environmental legislation. After drilling has occurred, drill sites and access routes are rehabilitated to equal or better conditions and evidence is retained to demonstrate that such rehabilitation work has been completed. In January 2015 the Group filed a robust defence against the writ. A court hearing was held in May 2015 at which documents were requested to confirm that valid environmental authorisations were in place. These were subsequently submitted as requested. No substantive financial claim continues to be made against the Group under the terms of the writ. The Group continues to believe that the writ is flawed and is working towards having it withdrawn in due course. As a result, no provision has been made in the Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2020. 30 Financial Instruments Financial Assets Fair ValueAmortised costTotalFair ValueAmortisedcostTotal 20202020202020192019 2019Group £££££ £Cash and cash equivalents -10,935,56310,935,563-17,760,330 17,760,330Derivative financial asset 1,756,553-1,756,5532,246,809- 2,246,809Trade and other receivables -270,540270,540-134,726 134,726Total 1,756,55311,206,10312,962,6562,246,80917,895,056 20,141,865 Amortised cost 2020 2019Company £ £Cash and cash equivalents 5,308,954 17,393,773Loans to subsidiaries 64,692,156 55,413,060Trade and other receivables 96,196 135,376Total 70,097,306 72,942,209 Financial Liabilities Amortised cost 2020 2019Group £ £Trade and other payables 632,407 683,933Contingent consideration 5,927,026 6,246,071Royalty Finance 22,053,341 20,570,411Total 28,612,774 27,500,415 Amortised cost 2020 2019Company £ £Trade and other payables 280,179 321,588Contingent consideration 5,927,036 6,246,071Loans from subsidiary 12,194,094 17,735,009Total 18,401,309 24,302,668 Financial instruments not measured at fair value includes cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, trade and other payables, and, contingent and deferred consideration which are discounted. 31 Parent Company Guarantee Horizonte Minerals plc has, together with other group companies, provided a parent guarantee to Orion Mine Finance related to the $25 Million Royalty Financing arrangement granted by Nickel Production Services B.V. in respect of the project owned by Araguaia Níquel Metais Ltda during the financial year. The royalty payments are conditional upon entering into commercial production and therefore cannot become due until this is achieved. Horizonte Mineral plc’s obligation to pay under the guarantee only arises if Nickel Production Services B.V. as grantor of the royalty or any of the other provider of a parent guarantee fails to make any payment under the royalty agreement. The Company considers the probability of such scenarios to be minimal at the current stage of the business’ development and therefore any fair value assessment of such potential financial liability has been deemed to be immaterial 32 Events after the reporting dateOn 23 February 2021 the company announced a £18.8 million fund raise comprising approximately £12.2m received for the issue of issued 162,718,353 new ordinary shares by way of a placing, alongside approximately £6.6m for the issue of 88,060,100 special warrants, which entitled the holder to convert the warrants into ordinary shares in the company following the publication of a prospectus to meet the requirement of the Toronto Stock Exchange.