Cash purchase of fuel at petrol pumps using ₹2,000 notes has spiked to almost 90% of daily sales as buyers rushed to tender the withdrawn currency notes.
Petrol pump dealers said cash sales before the surprise announcement on May 19 of the withdrawal of the ₹2,000 note was only 10%, but now customers were using the withdrawn note to make small purchases of ₹100/200, expecting petrol pumps to return change.
They have now asked the Reserve Bank to instruct banks to provide enough small denomination notes to help serve customers smoothly.
“Majority of the customers are trying to use ₹2,000 notes even for small purchases of ₹100-200 and are expected change from the petrol pumps and hence the petro outlets are extremely short of change across the country,” All India Petroleum Dealers Association president Ajay Bansal said in a statement.
It said the petrol pump dealers have been requesting customers to use the card or digital payment for fuel purchases.
“Before this ₹2,000 withdrawal, we used to receive only 10% of our cash sales through ₹2,000 notes, but now almost 90% of cash received at our outlets is in the form of ₹2,000 notes only, and we have to deposit the same in banks on daily basis,” it noted.
Petrol pumps and some other daily essential services were allowed to accept old ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes after November 8, 2016, demonetisation of nearly 86% of the currency notes. Petrol pumps, however, soon turned into outlets to launder banned currency notes, leading to the government prematurely withdrawing the facility.
This time too petrol pumps have become outlets to get the withdrawn currency out.
“We also request the RBI to give guidelines to banks for providing enough small denomination notes, especially to petrol pumps in lieu of ₹2,000 notes, so that we can smoothly service our customers,” Mr. Bansal said.
He expressed apprehension that petrol pump dealers would again face problems as they did during the 2016 demonetisation when most dealers got income tax notices or were raised “without any fault” of theirs.
“Also the digital payments, which used to be 40 per cent of our daily sales, have suddenly gone down to 10 per cent of daily sales, and our cash sales have increased dramatically, as customers are desperately trying to use ₹2,000, which will again create trouble for us with income tax authorities,” he said.
The ₹2,000 currency notes constitute around 10.8% of total currency in circulation or ₹3.6 lakh crore. The notes can be exchanged or deposited till September 30, 2023.
Compared to demonetisation, this time, the quantum of currency being withdrawn is significantly smaller and the period to complete the process is more spread out.
In November 2016, 85% of the currency in circulation was withdrawn, with old ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes ceasing to be legal tender. The entire process was completed over a shorter time period.
This time a small quantity of currency in circulation will be impacted (10.8%), and the ₹2,000 note remains legal tender. The entire process will be completed by September 2023.